An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

Latest updates :

Articles : A new Napoleonic campaign for Montereau
Bibliographies : The Mexican campaign, 1862-1867
In pictures : The crossing of the bridge at Arcole - Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile


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A timeline, an article or two, some biographies, a few images, and a bibliography, in short a close-up on a topic related to the First and Second French Empires. You can search for other close-ups either by keyword or by theme.

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A close-up on: the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, 12 July, 1806



- Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach (1728-1811), Grand Duke of Baden
- Jerome Bonaparte (1784–1860), king of Westphalia
- Princess Catherine of Württemberg (1783-1835), second wife of Jerome
- C. Th. von Dalberg (1744-1817), Prince primat of the Confederation of the Rhine
- Francis II (1768-1835), emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Emperor of Austria
- Graf von Haugwitz (1752–1832), Prussian minister of foreign affairs
- King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756 –1825)
- Count von Montgelas (1759-1838), Bavarian minister
- Frederick I of Württemberg (1754 - 1816), Elector



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