An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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Bibliographies : The Mexican campaign, 1862-1867
Articles : A new Napoleonic campaign for Montereau
Dossier thématiques : A close-up on: the Mexican campaign, 1862-1867


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A timeline, an article or two, some biographies, a few images, and a bibliography, in short a close-up on a topic related to the First and Second French Empires. You can search for other close-ups either by keyword or by theme.

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A close-up on: the Suez Canal



- Dedicatory letter from Le Père (Divisional Inspector of Bridges and Roads) to Napoleon I regarding the project to link the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea and the Suez isthmus
- Origins of the Suez Canal: correspondence of de Lesseps
- Memorandum from de Lesseps to Mohammed Said, 1854
- Firman of concession: Mohammed Said, 1854
- Funding for the Suez Canal
- Extract from le Monde illustré, May 1859: "the first blow of the pickaxe"
- "The joining of the two seas"



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