Fondation Napoléon News
11/12/2014 : THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON HISTORY GRAND PRIX AND RESEARCH GRANT AWARDS CEREMONY 2014
The 2014 Grand Prix and Research Grant Awards ceremony took place in the presence of Her Imperial Highness the Princess Napoléon on 9 December 2014 at the British Ambassador's Residence in Paris, the Hôtel de Charost.
Her Imperial Highness the Princess Napoléon awarded the prizes and grants alongside the British Ambassador to France, Sir Peter Ricketts.
View photos from the prize-giving here.
Read all about the prize-winning books and the Research Grant recipients here.
Photo: Her Imperial Highness the Princess Napoléon, Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, Amir-Aslani, and the winners of the 2014 Fondation Napoléon prizes and research grants.
11/07/2014 : OPERATING ACCOUNTS 2013
|The Fondation Napoléon's annual accounts are now online
, such as they have been established by the treasurer, comte Nicolas Walewski, validated by the statutory auditors, approved unanimously by the Board of trustees and published on the website of the Journal Officiel. Please note that these are accounting elements in which those skilled in such matters will be able to see the operating budget of the Fondation.
04/06/2014 : CERCLE DES ETUDES DE LA FONDATION NAPOLEON
During the spring of 2013, the Fondation Napoléon created the Cercle des Etudes de la Fondation Napoleon, a series of encounters in which specialists on Napoleonic questions can present their work and reflections to an interested public in an atmosphere of sharing and of historical interaction.
For more information on the conferences, on how to register, and to consult the Spring 2013 programme, please follow this link
30/05/2014 : THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON'S PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES FOR 2013
Life of the Fondation
In 2013, the activities of the Fondation Napoléon were as follows:
The awards ceremony for the Fondation Napoléon's History Prizes and Research Grants was held in the Grande Chancellerie de la Légion d'Honneur on 11 December. The winners, in their respective categories, were:
• Grand Prix de la Fondation Napoléon 2013 to Patrice Gueniffey, Bonaparte (Paris: Éditions Gallimard)
• Prix Premier Empire 2013 to Bruno Colson, Leipzig. La bataille des Nations, 16-19 octobre 1813 (Paris: Perrin)
• Prix pour une oeuvre musicale et historique 2013 to Alexandre Dratwicki, La mort d'Abel, opéra français de Rodolphe Kreutzer (Venise: Palazzo Bru Zane) (Centre de musique romantique française)
• Research grants: La pensée politique de Friedrich von Gentz (1764-1832), by Raphaël Cahen; Maximien Lamarque (1770-1832), Général d'Empire, député des Landes. Essai biographique, by Gonzague Espinosa-Dassonneville; George Watson-Taylor (1771-1841), Collectionneur de peinture, by Élodie Goëssant; La surveillance politique dans les départements côtiers du Consulat et de l'Empire (1800-1814). Etude comparée de quatre départements de l'Ouest et du Nord de la France (Gironde, Loire inférieure, Finistère et Nord), by Camille Rougier; La protection des libertés publiques sous le Second Empire, by Benoit Habert; Les représentations de Napoléon dans la littérature britannique de la première moitié du XIXe siécle: les oeuvres de Walter Scott et de William Hazlitt, by Florence Grimaldi; Napoléon dans la pensée des historiens et écrivains russes à la fin du XIXe – au début du XXe siècle, by Maria Mnatsakanova.
The International Appeal to Save Napoleon's House on St Helena continued throughout 2013.
Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien: confirming to the conditions of the Lapeyre bequest, the Fondation Napoléon played an integral role in financing four issues and a special series of the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien. The Fondation also made a grant to the Souvenir Napoléonien to cover the association's operating expenses.
The Fondation also supported:
• The publication of Juliette Glickman's La monarchie impériale sous le Second Empire, Nouveau monde éditions (2,500 euros)
• The publication of the English-language book, Napoleon's Men (3,000 euros)
• The production of a documentary about 1814, Napoléon, le diable et les traîtres (3,000 euros)
• The publication of the exhibition catalogue Le bivouac de Napoléon (Ajaccio, Elba, Paris; 2,000 euros)
• The publication of a thesis on Napoleon III and museums (3,000 euros)
Collaboration with major institutions: The Fondation Napoléon continued its partnerships with major institutions such as the Musée de l'Armée, the Domaines nationaux de Sainte-Hélène, the ministère des Affaires étrangères, and a number of American institutions and universities.
10/02/2014 : FONDATION NAPOLEON ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2013
2013 was marked by some remarkable events, such as the "Napoléon. Une vie, une légende" exhibition in Kazakhstan, the continuation of the Saint-Helena project, the development of activities in the Espace Baron Gourgaud and a record number of consultations of the napoleon.org website (more than 3,3 million hits).
In the 2013 annual activity report
you will find details regarding our publication of the new Correspondance of Napoleon, the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre, the Digital library, napoleon.org, Napoleonica La Revue, our international relations, our art and memorabilia collection and recent publishing and other activities undertaken by Fondation Napoléon staff.
10/02/2014 : CONFERENCE "DIPLOMATES ET DIPLOMATIE AU TEMPS DE NAPOLÉON" 25-26 MARCH 2014
This conference was organised by the Fondation Napoléon and the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques, with the cooperation of the Archives diplomatiques, the Souvenir napoléonien and the Association de commémoration du Bicentenaire de la Campagne de France 1814-2014.
It took place at the Centre de conférences ministérielles du Ministère des Affaires étrangères, 27, rue de la Convention, 75015 Paris.Download the programme (in French)
06/02/2014 : SIGNATURE OF A COOPERATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON AND THE BIBLIOTHÈQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE
On 5 February, 2014, Thierry Lentz, director of the Fondation Napoléon (stepping in for the indisposed president of the Fondation Napoléon, Victor-André Masséna) and Bruno Racine, President of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF), signed an agreement of cooperation in documentary and digital affairs. Both institutions have as their missions heritage, preservation and the encouragement of interest in, and study of, the two French Empires.
12/12/2013 : THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON HISTORY GRAND PRIX AND RESEARCH GRANT AWARDS CEREMONY 2013
On 12 December, 2013, the Fondation Napoléon Grand Prix and Research Grants prize ceremony took place in the presence of H.I.H. the Princess Napoleon, at the Palais de la Légion d'honneur: l'hôtel de Salm.
Also present was the grand chancellier de la Légion d'honneur, the general Jean-Louis Georgelin, and the military governor of Paris, le general de corps d'armée Hervé Charpentier.
For photos of the ceremony, follow this link.
The list of 2013 prize-winners and more information on how to compete for a prize can be found here.
02/07/2013 : VOLUME IX OF THE CORRESPONDANCE GÉNÉRALE DE NAPOLÉON BONAPARTE WAS PUBLISHED
In total, 3,265 letters feature in this 9th volume of the Correspondance de Napoléon; among them are letters sent to the minister of War, Henri Clarke, which have never been seen before.
This volume is worthy of the period it recounts – from February 1809 to February 2810 – a period which once again marks the triumph of Napoleon on the continent. Whilst the historian knows that this volume precedes future weaknesses, the Emperor, as principal actor of the events, remains unaware of this, and his correspondence shows his formidable energy and his mastery of all the subjects with which he had to deal.
As usual; Napoleon's letters are supplemented by annexes (great treaties of the period, status reports of the Army of Germany, a timeline, maps…) and above all and indispensable biographical index, edited by Michel Inglebert.
The next volume will be the birth of the Roi de Rome, and it will be edited by Annie Jourdan, to be published in 2014.
Read the introduction by Patrice Gueniffey, editor of this volume.
The body of 3,265 letters is annotated and completed with a list of letters of which the existence but contents are not known, as well as the following appendices:
- Measurements and money
- Titles and peerage
- Union of the Papal States
- Treaty of the peace of Vienna
- Treaty of the Peace between France and Sweden
- Union of the Roman States
- The state of the Army in Germany
- Three maps showing the Austrian campaign from April 1809
- Three maps showing the operations in Spain between February and December 1809.
- A map of northern Europe in 1809.
- Names of places cited in the correspondence and their modern equivalents.
- Timeline (February 1809 - February 1810), by Irène Delage.
05/06/2013 : ANNUAL ACCOUNTS 2012
|The Fondation Napoléon's annual accounts are now online
, such as they have been established by the treasurer, comte Nicolas Walewski, validated by the statutory auditors, approved unanimously by the Board and published on the website of the Journal Officiel. It is reminded that these are accounting elements in which insiders can find the various positions of the operating budget of the Fondation. The expenditure (1.68 million ) can be divided into the following sections; the Souvenir napoléonien (19%); various sponsorships (1%); management and conservation of the collections (12%); the library (7%); the websites (16%); Napoleonica. La Revue (2%); the publishing of the Correspondance générale de Napoléon Bonaparte (8%); the history prizes and research grants (5%); general administration (30%). The profit, which is essentially made up of the income generated from the Lapeyre legacy has enabled the Fondation to cover its costs, with a surplus of 29,459. These results have been obtained in spite of the move of premises to 7 rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and its related costs.
04/06/2013 : FACEBOOK, TWITTER
20/05/2013 : THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON'S PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES FOR 2012
|Life of the FondationChange of premises
During its meeting on 17 March, 2011, the Board of trustees accepted the decision to move premises, as part of a redeployment of capital from the Lapeyre legacy, which is managed by the Fondation de France. It bought the premises at 7 rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. The Fondation Napoléon moved there in late June 2012, to the satisfaction of all. From the 4th July, the employees of the Fondation were able to resume their normal work in the new setting.The Fondation's own activities
In 2012, the Fondation Napoléon's own activities were as follows:
The awards ceremony of the Fondation Napoléon's History Prizes and Research Grants
was held at the TF1 headquarters, in partnership with Histoire, on 12 December, in the presence of H.I.H. the princess Napoleon.
For more details of the prizes, follow the link
The prize-winners were as follows:
- The First Empire Prize 2012: Marie-Pierre Rey, L'effroyable tragédie, une nouvelle histoire de la campagne de Russie, Editions Flammarion.
- The Second Empire Prize 2012: Yves Bruley, Le quai d'Orsay Impérial, Editions A. Pedone.
- The prize for a musical and historical work 2012: Daniel Propper and Olivier Feignier, L'écho des batailles, Forgotten Records.
The 2012 research grants were awarded to:
- Giorgio Gremese, L'Armée d'Italie: entre alliée et occupante sur le sol italien (1801-1814).
- Johan Menichetti, La pensée juridique de Pierre-Louis Roederer (1754-1835).
- Marion Narran, La résistance conservatrice à l'individualisme juridique. Doctrine civiliste et initiatives législatives (1789-1830).
- Lyne Penet, Théophile Silvestre (1823-1876), art critic.
- François-Xavier Martischang, L'autorité de l'État en Lorraine au XIXème siècle (vers 1800- vers 1880). Caractères, exercice, contestation.
- Karolina Stefanski, L'adaptation et le rejet du style « Premier Empire » dans l'orfèvrerie du XIXè siècle en Europe centrale et de l'Est.
The documentation centre
has continued to make its work available to all public. The website is receiving more hits, as shown by the statistics in the annual report.
The Fondation Napoléon has continued its publishing activities
. In May 2012 it published volume XII of the Correspondance générale de Napoléon, which focuses on the Russian campaign. The “Bibliothèque Napoléon”, via its partnership with Nouveau Monde Editions, published a new title Lettres d'Eugène de Roussy, gendarme d'ordonnance, published by François Houdecek.
The exhibition entitled “Napoléon”, held at the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne (Australia), co-organised by the Fondation Napoleon was a great success, with about 200,000 visitors.
The “1812, la campagne de Russie” conference took place on 4-5 April in the Centre de conférences ministérielles du ministère des Affaires étrangères. Thirty-six papers were delivered before an audience of more than 350. The conference proceedings were published by the Editions Perrin on 4 November, 2012.
On 31 December 2012, the “Save Napoleon I's Residence on St Helena International Appeal” had raised 1,200,000 euros, to which the gouvernment of the island has added a further £80,000 (100,000 euros). The Board of turstees has been kept up-to-date with each stage of the project.Patronage Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien
In 2012, in accordance with the Lapeyre legacy, the Fondation Napoléon continued to support the Souvenir Napoléonien, financing 4 issues and an hors-serie of the Revue du Souvenir Napéonien. In addition, the Fondation provided global support for the general running of the Souvenir Napoléonien. From his instalment on the Board of trustees, Alain Pigeard, the president of the Souvenir Napoléonien, has regularly kept the administrators up-to-date with information on the association. Support for Napoleonic events and institutions
The Fondation gave financial support for:
- Muséee de l'armée: help in publishing the catalogue for the exhibition “Napoléon et l'Europe”, from 27 March-14 July 2013, 10,000.
- Helping publish Jean-Philippe Rey's, a former research grant winner of the Fondation, book “Administrer Lyon sous Napoléon”, 2,000.
- Restoration of the Empress' boudoir at the château de Fontainebleau, 5,000 in 2012, 5,000 in 2013.
- Helping in the creation of an iPad application on Napoleonic history for the “Toute une histoire!” society, 3,000. Partnership with major institutions
In 2012 the Fondation Napoléon continued to collaborate with major institutions, namely, the Musée de l'Armée, the Domaines français de Sainte-Hélène, and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Outside France, the Fondation Napoléon collaborated with American universities and inistitutions.
22/02/2013 : Mr Jean-Claude Lachnitt Appointed 'Chevalier des Arts et Lettres'
On the evening of Monday 11 February 2013, the Fondation Napoléon was pleased to host the presentation of the medal of chevalier des Arts et Lettres to Mr Jean-Claude Lachnitt, honorary administrator and secretary general of the Fondation's prizes and scholarships.
Jean-Marie Rouart, of the Academie Française, author of the recently published ‘Napoléon ou la Destinée', presented Mr Lachnitt with his medal after a short speech about the latter's assiduous work in the field of Second Empire history, in particular about the Prince Imperial.
A good crowd came to the presentation, keen to show their admiration and appreciation of Mr Lachnitt and his work. In the front row (from right to left in the photo): Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, president of the Fondation; Jean Tulard, eminent specialist of Napoleonic history; Thierry Lentz, director of the Fondation.
20/02/2013 : A NEW ADMINISTRATOR FOR THE FONDATION NAPOLÉON
After the doctor Anne-Marie Desbordes stepped down for personal reasons, the Souvenir Napoléonien appointed Guy Carrieu to represent them on the board of trustees. He is the Managing Director of the Marne area services and also delegate for the Souvenir Napoléonien for the Champagne-Ardennes region. We welcome this new administrator, who will take up his duties from the 14 May 2013.
23/01/2013 : 2012 ANNUAL ACTIVITY REPORT
In the 2012 annual activity report
you will find details regarding our publication of the new correspondance of Napoleon, the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre library, the Digital library, napoleon.org, Napoleonica La Revue, our international relations, our art and memorabilia collection and recent publishing and other activities performed by Fondation Napoléon staff.
16/03/2012 : 2011 ANNUAL ACTIVITY REPORT
In the 2011 annual activity report
you will find details regarding our publication of the new correspondance of Napoleon, the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre library, the Digital library, napoleon.org, Napoleonica La Revue, our international relations, our art and memorabilia collection and recent publishing and other activities performed by Fondation Napoléon staff.
25/10/2011 : UPDATE ON OPERATION ST HELENA: ONE LAST EFFORT...
With their donations both large and small, nearly 1,200 companies and private individuals have to date contributed to the campaign to save the home of Napoleon I on the island of St Helena. We offer our most sincere thanks for their efforts.
Today, we can announce that our fundraising appeal has reached its first goal, set at 700,000 , to fund the restoration of the Generals' Wing. This has been added to the 700,000 set aside by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Work is scheduled to begin before the end of 2012. This fantastic news can only serve to encourage us towards one last effort.
Thanks to the generosity of one and all, we are now in a position to continue our work and proceed with restoring the interiors and furniture of the emperor's apartments. For this, a further 200,000 is required, which - once added to the sum already raised by the appeal - will allow us to:
- restore the drapes, carpets, and tapestries in the bedroom, the bathroom, and the salon at Longwood (the latter was the room in which the emperor died).
- repatriate to France one-hundred or so original items of furniture from Longwood to allow specialists to restore them. Once this work is complete, they will be placed on public display in a specially-organised exhibition, before being transported back to St Helena.
We understand the current economic climate is not ideal, and that this is just one of many fundraising requests that we all receive throughout the year, but we should nevertheless like to appeal to you one final time, be it for the 2011 fiscal year, or for that of 2012. It really is an important, most Napoleonic cause.
If we are successful in this new goal, we shall all have contributed to the most extensive restoration project undertaken since the 1860s, an achievement most worthy of national recognition.
29/09/2011 : Napoleon: Revolution to Empire, Melbourne Winter Masterpieces 2012
From June to October 2012, the treasures of the Fondation Napoléon's collection are to fly around the world to Australia. As part of a partnership with the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne, our collection is to form the centrepiece of the gallery's Winter Masterpiece show, Napoleon: Revolution to Empire.
"Napoleon: Revolution to Empire" is a panoramic exhibition examining French art, culture and life from the 1770s to the 1820s. Its story runs from the first French voyages of discovery to Australia during the reign of Louis XV to the end of Napoleon's transforming leadership as first Emperor of France. With detailed sections on the French Revolution, the Directorate, Consulate and Empire, the exhibition will present the glittering luxury of Napoleonic France and the spectacular First Couple. Always with Australia as the watermark, there will also be a strong section devoted to the flora and fauna of the newly discovered continent, the southern part of which had been named Terre Napoléon or Napoleon-land by French navigators, highlighting Josephine's fascination for the exotic new plants and flowers of the continent and her private menagerie of kangaroos, emus and black swans.
In addition to pieces from our collection there are to be loans of incomparable interest drawn from Europe's most important Revolutionary and Napoleonic collections, including the Château de Malmaison, Château de Versailles, Musée Carnavalet and the Musée de l'Armée in France, the Napoleonmuseum Thurgau in Switzerland, and the Museo Napoleonico in Rome.
This promises to be a landmark exhibition on Napoleon in Australia for many years to come.
27/05/2011 : THE HISTORY OF THE TWO EMPIRES IN FRENCH SCHOOLS
On Friday 20 May, 2011, Victor-André Masséna, president of the Fondation Napoléon, and Christian Fileaux, president of the Souvenir Napoléonien, visited the private Catholic school, Collège des Francs-Bourgeois, in the chic 4e arrondissement in Paris. The aim of their meeting with the pupils was to introduce them to Napoleonic history. For the occasion the pupils had organised a demonstration of the troop movements at the Battle of Wagram, a battle in which the president's illustrious Marshal ancestor distinguished himself. The pupils were all given a copy of the latest edition of the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien, and the school received a set of the Fondation Napoleon's Correspondance générale de Napoléon.
Since the history curriculum in French national schools for final year students is currently changing to a more thematic, 20th-century-heavy style and less 'Kings-and-Queens', study of both the First and Second Empires at school level is disappearing.
For a detailed note by Jean-Philippe Rey on the subject (in French), click here
16/03/2011 : 2010 Annual Activity Report
In the 2010 annual activity report
you will find details regarding our publication of the new correspondance of Napoleon, the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre library, the Digital library, napoleon.org, Napoleonica La Revue, our international relations, our art and memorabilia collection and recent publishing and other activities performed by Fondation Napoléon staff.
28/01/2011 : A new director for the Musée de l'Armée
In January 2011, General Robert Bresse stepped down from his position as director of the Musée de l'Armée - a position he had held for seven years -and handed over the watch duties to Divisional General Christian Baptiste. Divisional General Baptiste previously served as second in command at DICoD ("Délégation à l'information et à la communication de la Défense", communication wing of the French Ministry of Defence) and was the spokesperson for the Ministry of Defence. Amongst the many projects that he oversaw during his time at the museum, General Bresse spearheaded the ATHENA project to modernise the museum and, more notably, the recently refurbished Napoleonic wing. His "reign" saw the museum break the million barrier, receiving in 2010 1.2 million visitors through its doors, whilst at the same time embracing an increasingly diverse public. For the last seven years, he has been a tremendous partner and friend to the Fondation Napoléon. As well as extending our thanks to the general, we should like to wish his successor every success in his new position and look forward to continuing the partnership that exists between our institution and this grand museum of French military history and - of course - the Emperor's Tomb, of which the museum's director, it should not be forgotten, is the statutory guardian.
25/11/2010 : New addition to the family
We here at the Fondation Napoléon are delighted to inform our readers that on 23 November, 2010, Alexandra Mongin, secretary to the Director, gave birth to a baby girl named Célia. Mother, father and child are all fine. We should like to take this opportunity to offers our heartfelt congratulations to the whole family.
24/08/2010 : Death of the Baron Gourgaud, administrator, honorary president of the Fondation Napoléon
The Baron Gourgaud, administrator, honorary president of the Fondation Napoléon, and founding president of the Fondation (1987 - 2005), died on 6 August aged 88.
The Baron was descended from one of the most faithful officers of the Emperor and he worked tirelessly to make the Fondation a place for the widest possible public, bringing the institution recognition for its historical competence and boldly leading its activities in the preservation of Napoleonic heritage.
The Fondation Napoléon presents its most sincere condolences to the Baronne Gourgaud and her son.
18/06/2010 : TWO NEW TRUSTEES AND A NEW MEMBER OF THE HISTORY PRIZE JURY
On 15 June, 2010, president Victor-André Masséna, prince d'Essling, and the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon, met to welcome two new members, Philippe Bélaval, Councillor of State, Directeur Général des Patrimoines, and Nicolas Georges, Directeur du Livre et de la Lecture, both representatives of the French ministry of Culture and Communication. And it is a return for both men, since they represented the culture ministry on the board in the early years of this century.
During the meeting, the board appointed Laurent Theis, historian and publisher, to the jury for Fondation Napoléon history prizes and research grants. He takes the place of Professor François Crouzet who died earlier this year.
12/04/2010 : Fondation Napoléon/Souvenir Napoléonien "1810" conference
The Fondation Napoléon and the Souvenir Napoléonien, in partnership with the Archives Diplomatiques, are organising an international conference bearing the title "1810"
, which will offer discussion and analysis of events from the year in question. This conference will take place on 8
and 9 June
in the amphitheatre at the Archives Diplomatiques in La Courneuve (near Paris). Registration for the event is essential: registration forms should be returned to the Fondation Napoléon.
for the registration form and full programme details.
06/04/2010 : A partnership agreement between the Fondation Napoléon and the Musée de l'Armée
On 6 April, 2010, M. Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling and President of the Fondation Napoléon, and General Robert Bresse, Director of the Musée de l'Armée, signed a partnership agreement linking the two establishments and their future collaborations.
As part of this agreement, the Musée and the Fondation have agreed to continue to collaborate in the organisation of: events, notably exhibitions, academic exchanges and, more generally, anything that will encourage the development of Napoleonic history and the public interest thereof. The signatories will promote in particular research from historians and individuals into the imperial periods, aided by an accord between the respective institutions' documentation centres. Joint research projects and publications will also be discussed. A board to oversee the collaboration will be set up shortly.
This agreement formalises a relationship that has existed for more than twenty years. But, as Talleyrand once said, what goes without saying goes even better said. Or in this particular case, written and clarified, for the years to come.
04/01/2010 : The Fondation Napoleon Digital Library
The Bibliothèque Martial-Lapeyre-Fondation Napoléon Library has just launched its own Digital Library, comprising a number of rare and old books held at the library and in the Fondation's collections. These include works, in both French and English, on the exile and death on St Helena of Napoleon I, some of which are unique to a French collection open to the general public.
The Digital Library also features cartographical documents (an 1815 map of St. Helena) and a first-edition almanac, the Almanach des bâtimens, also from 1815. Using the powerful zoom function, which can magnify documents up to 150 % of its original size, users can uncover every little detail of the Livre du Sacre, with its forty magnificent engravings, and the Romances de la Reine Hortense, as well as investigate and unscramble with ease documents in their original form.
As well as the standard print and download functions, the Digital Library also features a full text search tool: the search query duly launched, the results page shows the user both the pages of the original document (left-hand side) and the digitised text with the highlighted search query (right-hand side). Further additions to the Digital Library are planned for 2010.
24/12/2009 : Irène Delage presented with the insignias of "Chevalier des Arts et Lettres"
On 3 December, 2009, Mme Martine de Boisdeffre, conseiller d'Etat and director of the Archives de France, presented Irène Delage with the insignias of "Chevalier des Arts et Lettres", following the announcement made by the Minister of Culture on 14 July, 2009. The ceremony took place at the Fondation Napoléon offices in Paris, with friends of the recipient, Fondation Napoléon collaborators and a number of the institution's administrators in attendance.
10/12/2009 : The Fondation Napoléon History Grand Prix and Research Grant Awards Ceremony 2009
On Tuesday 8 December, 2009
, the Fondation Napoléon Grand Prix and Research Grants prize ceremony
took place in the salon d'honneur at the Hôtel des Invalides in the presence of H.I.H. the Princess Napoleon. As well as recognising the history prize winners
and research grant students
, Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling and President of the Fondation Napoléon, also presented, on behalf of the Fondation Napoléon and the Souvenir Napoléonien, Emmanuel Ticchi, a twelve-year old student, with a prize in recognition of his interest in the history of the First Empire. The ceremony was followed by a visit of the Musée de l'Armée's newly-refurbished First Empire wing and a cocktail buffet.
09/10/2009 : PIERRE BRANDA JOINS THE FONDATION NAPOLEON TEAM
From 6 October, our newest permanent member of staff Pierre Branda will be joining the Fondation Napoléon as chargé de missions.
As well as historian and winner of the Grand Prix de la Fondation Napoléon for Le Prix de la Gloire. Napoléon et l'argent, Pierre Branda is also an economist and management specialist. He will be assisting the director in both of these areas, as well, of course, as contributing to any of the Fondation's "historical" projects that may require his input. The Fondation extends its warmest welcome and wishes him the very best in his work here.
09/10/2009 : Prix Mérimée 2009 awarded to Juliette Glikman
On 9 October, 2009, Juliette Glikman will be awarded the Prix Mérimée for her thesis Symbolique impériale et représentation de l'histoire sous le Second Empire. Contribution à l'étude des assises du régime. Juliette received a study grant from the Fondation Napoléon in 2000, is a doctor of history, agrégée
, a lecturer for the Ville de Paris, and is attached to the Centre d'histoire du XIXe (Paris 1 - Paris 4). She has also written a number of articles which have been published in such reviews as the Revue de l'Institut Napoléon
and Napoleonica. La Revue
10/09/2009 : IRENE DELAGE: CHEVALIER DES ARTS ET LETTRES
In his announcement on 17 July 2009, M. Frédéric Mitterrand, Minister for Culture and Communication, named Irène Delage, head of the Documentation Service, Public Relations and IT at the Fondation Napoléon, to the rank of Chevalier des Arts et Lettres. This is in recognition of the work that she has accomplished over thirteen years, both at the heart and outside of the Fondation Napoléon.
Within the Fondation Napoléon, Irène Delage is the driving force behind the majority of services that we offer to the public, including in particular the website www.napoleon.org
and our weekly newsletter. As section head, she guides and oversees the content and delivery of these two services on a daily basis. In doing so, she plays a tangible and very clear role in the diffusion and dissemination of 19th century history. This aspect of her work was obviously important in the Minister for Culture's decision. However, the award is also in recognition of the recipient's work of a more personal nature, for Irène Delage is also an historian and author. She has published a number of works, including "Le Sceau de l'Aigle" (Editions Timée), and has a regular section in a magazine aimed at the general public. She has also written academic papers and is a permanent member of the Correspondence project team, in which she is involved in the commentaries and chronologies.
It goes without saying that we at the Fondation Napoléon are delighted with the Minister for Culture's decision, for not only is it a great honour for the recipient, but it is also a positive reflection on the Fondation Napoléon team as a whole.
Our congratulations to Irène Delage, chevalier des Arts et Lettres.
Director of the Fondation Napoléon
19/06/2009 : PHD VIVA
The Fondation Napoléon is delighted to announce that Marie Emilie Vaxelaire, who received a Fondation Napoléon research grant in 2007, successfully defended her PhD thesis on «Mellerio/Meller, the history of a Parisian jewellers in the 19th century» on 19 June, 2009, at the Paris Institut National d'Histoire de l'Art. Her thesis received the accolade «très honorable» (summa cum laude). Bravo!
19/05/2009 : RELEASE OF VOLUME SIX OF THE GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE
The sixth volume of the General Correspondence of Napoleon Bonaparte
covers the entirety of 1806, bringing together some 2,679 letters (the Second Empire publication contained just 1,896), commentaries from period specialist historians, and a preface from Jean-Claude Casanova.
As per the previous volumes, this collection of letters comes complete with two studies, eight maps, 6 letter reproductions, a detailed timeline and three indexes, making it an immensely useful research tool.
The Fondation Napoléon is supported in this historical project by the Archives de France, the Fondation La Poste and more than one hundred volunteer collaborators.
for more information.
30/04/2009 : Baron Gourgaud presented with the insignia of Officier of the Légion d'honneur
Général d'Armée Kelche, the Baron Gourgaud
On Tuesday 28 April, 2009, at the Palais de la Légion d'honneur, Baron Gourgaud, honorary president of the Fondation Napoléon was decorated with the insignia of Officier of the Légion d'honneur. The five-armed badge was presented by the Général d'Armée Jean-Pierre Kelche, Grand Chancelier of the Légion d'honneur, in the presence of Her Imperial Highness the Princess Napoleon, Victor-André Massena, Prince d'Essling and President of the Fondation Napoléon, members of the Fondation Napoléon administrative council, staff from the Souvenir Napoléon, and other well-known personalities in the literary and art worlds.
Click here for the text of the Baron's acceptance speech.
14/04/2009 : New library catalogue online
The online library catalogue has been updated!
The some 10,000 books and articles on the First and Second Empires are now even easier to find, with a new interface that makes any search much quicker, more accurate and far more effective. There are three types of search available to the user:
"Recherche simple"/"quick search"
Using the author's surname (with or without first name), the user can bring up all the articles and books available by this author. If the surname is not found, a list of the closest possible matches is suggested. The user can also search the catalogue using keywords (title, notes or abstract). The results are displayed in list form, detailing the books and articles that correspond to the search criteria. Secondary searches can also be launched by clicking on the name of a second author or a subject word.
"Recherche avancée"/"advanced search"
Using various different criteria, the user can perform a more detailed search of the catalogue: as well as author and keywords, the search criteria also include editor, date of publication or even a date period.
"Recherche thématique"/"Thematic search"
The user can browse the many articles and books available in the catalogue based on the different publication languages (other than French), including English, German, Italian, Polish and Spanish.
27/03/2009 : 2.9kg of joy
On 20 March 2009, Emmanuelle Papot, web editor of napoleon.org, gave birth to a baby boy named Malo. Mother, father (historian David Chanteranne) and baby are all doing well. The Fondation Napoléon should like to take this opportunity to offer our congratulations to all concerned.
20/02/2009 : Atelier de la Fondation Napoléon: '"Experience" of music in France during the Napoleonic period'
Further details of the next Atelier de la Fondation Napoléon
have been announced. The second in the series, this one will discuss music in French daily life under Napoleon, and will again take place at the Bibliothèque Paul Marmottan in Boulogne-Billancourt. The date is Tuesday 24 March 2009, from 9.30am until 4.30pm, and registration is free but required.
06/02/2009 : Ateliers de la Fondation Napoléon
The next atelier of the Fondation Napoléon will take place on 24 March 2009, again at the Bibliothèque Marmottan in Boulogne-Billancourt. The topic this time around is '"Experience" of music in France during the Napoleonic period' and is organised by Peter Hicks. There will be a number of presentations from some of the top music specialists as well as live recitals; full details of what to expect will be released soon.
23/01/2009 : Restoration of Davout dress
Save for those from the Auxerre region, very few people know that the town hall in Auxerre actually has a vast room dedicated to Maréchal Davout*, the Prince d'Eckmühl and one of Napoleon's Marshals. Amongst the items on display, items which were left to the town by the Marshal's daughter, is a dress that was worn by the Princess d'Eckmühl at the marriage of Napoleon and Marie-Louise. This item is very rarely moved, but will go on display to the public in a Napoleonic exhibition taking place at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna between May and November 2009. In preparation for this exhibition, which will feature a large number of the treasures from the Fondation Napoléon's own collection, the dress, made from satin and white tulle picked out with gold and silver florets, will be restored. This restoration will be financed by the Fondation Napoléon.
* Unfortunately, and despite the promises of the Conseil Municipal, this museum remains closed, and has been for more than 35 years.
01/01/2009 : Baron Gourgaud is made officier of the Légion d'Honneur
Baron Gourgaud, administrator and honorary president of the Fondation Napoléon has been made an officier of the Légion d'Honneur in the New Year's Honours list. We offer our congratulations to the baron, who was the first president of the Fondation and held the office between 1987 and 2005.
10/12/2008 : The Fondation Napoléon History Grand Prix and Research Grant Awards Ceremony 2008
The 2008 Grand Prix history prizes and Fondation Napoléon Research Grants were awarded on 9 December at a lunch held at the Jockey Club, in Paris. The awards were presented by HIH the Princess Napoleon and the Prince d'Essling, president of the Fondation Napoléon. History Prize winners
:First Empire Prize 2008
Madeleine and Francis Ambrière: Talma, ou l'histoire du théâtre
Paris: Éditions de Fallois Second Empire Prize 2008
Alain Decaux, of the Académie Française: Coup d'Etat à l'Elysée
Paris: Éditions Perrin Prize for a book in a language other than French 2008
Edgardo Donati: La Toscana nell'impero napoleonico. Tomo I e II
Florence: Polistampa Fondation Napoléon Research Grant winners 2008
- Les Français et l'Archéologie au Royaume de Naples durant le decennio francese (1806-1815) : l'exemple des découvertes de céramiques antiques
, by Florence Le Bars
- Les députés du Corps législatif sous le Consulat et l'Empire : 1799-1815
, by Fabien Menant
- Le renseignement militaire opérationnel dans le Consulat et l'Empire (1799-1805)
, by Michel Roucaud
- La maison du Prince-Président et la maison de l'Empereur (1848-1870)
, by Xavier Mauduit
- La peinture de genre en France sous le Second Empire et les premières années de la Troisième République (1852-1874)
, by Michaël Vottero
- Adolphe Niel (1802-1869). Maréchal de France et Ministre de la Guerre : « Contre l'illusion d'une France qui gagne »
, by Stéphane Faudais
- «Les Abbatucci, une famille corse, militaire et politique, dans le sillage des Bonaparte (1750-1880) »
, by Raphaël Lahlou
for photos of the ceremony.
28/03/2008 : 28/03/08 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE BICENTENARY OF THE BIRTH OF NAPOLEON III
A conference entitled “Napoleon III, man and politician” and organised by the Napoleon Foundation in commemoration of the bicentenary of the birth of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte – the future Napoleon III – is to take place on 19 and 20 May, at the Collège de France. The president of honour is HIH the Princess Napoléon and the academic president is Pierre Milza, and the participants include some of the best specialists on Napoleon III today.
The complete program is available here
. The inscription details can be downloaded here
01/02/2008 : 1/2/08 3.8 KILOS OF JOY
He's called Yanis , he was born on 6 January, 2008, at about 5-05am in Bourg-La-Reine, he weighed 3.8 kilos, and his mother is Alexandra Mongin, the director's secretary at the Fondation Napoléon. Mother, baby and father, Bruno, are all doing well. Congratulations!
01/02/2008 : 1/2/08 LAUNCH OF THE MAGAZINE NAPOLEON III AT THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
On Tuesday 29 January, a launch was held at the Fondation for the new magazine dedicated to the Second Empire, Napoléon III, published by the Press Group Michel Hommell with the support of the Fondation Napoléon.
The Prince d'Essling and the trustees of the Fondation Napoléon were delighted to welcome HIH the Princess Napoléon and Christian Estrosi, president of the Conseil général for the Alpes-Maritimes department, and Christian Castellani, director of the publication, not to mention many historians, journalists at the event. All agreed on the importance of bringing Napoleon III and the Second Empire to a wider French public, particularly in this the bicentenary year of the second emperor's birth.
01/02/2008 : 1/2/08 THE TREASURES OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON SOON IN ROME
After successful exhibitions in Paris, Brazil, Mexico, and Germany, the Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon are to travel to Italy. This exhibition commissioned by Giulia Gorgone of the Museo Napoleonico is to be called «Napoleone, fasto imperiale» and it is to open on 15 February of this year, running to 25 May, when it will travel to the island of Elba to the Museo nazionale delle residenze Napoleoniche at Portoferraio, where it will remain from 12 June to 12 September, 2008.
06/07/2007 : News for July 2007
Books: a Napoleonic summer for the Fondation Napoléon team
Two books are to come out this summer, for which members of the Fondation Napoléon team have been noses to the grindstone. On 17 August, French bookshops will see the arrival of the complete Clisson et Eugénie, the novel which Bonaparte wrote when he was romantically linked with Désiré Clary. Peter Hicks and Emilie Barthet have discovered new fragments and are to publish the most complete version ever of this "pre-Romantic" text by the future emperor. And on 22 August, you can buy the third volume of Thierry Lentz's, Nouvelle Histoire du Premier Empire. This is the third of what has become a four-volume series and it is entitled, Napoleon's France and Napoleon's Europe. Both books are published by Editions Fayard.
Napoleon's correspondence project: volume four is on the way...
Volume four of the Correspondance générale de Napoléon is ready to go. It is to be in bookshops in October. It covers the period 1802-1804 and has been edited by François Houdecek, with the assistance of Gabriel Madec. The volume contains 2,077 letters.
A magazine for the Second Empire
The Fondation Napoléon and the group Michel Hommel (company which publishes the magazine Napoléon 1er) have signed an partnership agreement for the publication (starting in 2008) of a quarterly magazine entirely dedicated to the Second Empire. A worthy way of commemorating the bicentenary year of Napoleon III's birth. We'll bring you more information after the summer...
The Fondation Napoléon to partner exhibition in Paris on Louis Bonaparte
The Fondation Napoléon is to support the exhibition "At the court of Louis Napoléon, Holland's first king" organised by Netherlands Institute in Paris for the period 11 October to 18 November, 2007. this exhibition will include remarkable objects, including some from the Dutch royal collection.
16/02/2007 : 15/02/2007: Official opening of the exhibition "Napoleon, Trikolore und Kaiseradler über Rhein und Weser"
The official opening of the exhibition "Napoleon, Trikolore und Kaiseradler über Rhein und Weser
", took place on 11 February, 2007, in the presence of a delegation from the Fondation Napoléon led by the president Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling. He was accompanied by vice president, Bernard Chevallier, secretary, doctor Anne-Marie Desbordes, the Prince Murat, Jean-Michel Mehnert, Henri de Cazals, Mr and Mrs Gérard Moyaux and members of the Fondation's administrative team, Thierry Lentz, Peter Hicks, Muguette Jumeau and Karine Huguenaud. After an opening ceremony offered by the mayor, Ulrike Westkamp, at the town hall, the assembled officers moved to the town theatre for the opening speeches before an audience of about 600 people, some of whom had come from as far as Cologne and Düsseldorf. The secretary of state for culture for North-Rhine Westphalia, Hans-Heinrich Grosse-Brockhoff, the French consul general, Gilles Thibault, and then the Prince d'Essling, all stepped up to the podium to speak in recognition of Franco-German friendship and to offer their congratulations on this exhibition which speaks of a history in common. Thereafter Dr Veit Veltzke, director of the Prussen Museum and general curator of the exhibition spoke about the origins of the programme and his visit to the Fondation's exhibition at the Musée Jacquemart André in Paris in 2004 and 2005. This is the largest ever exhibition organised at the Prussen Museum, and it is to close on 9 April.
08/01/2007 : 17.4% increase in visitors to the site napoleon.org in 2006
The website napoleon.org recorded 3,152,681 sessions in 2006. This represents an increase of 17.4% on 2005. 55% of the sessions were on the French side of the site. On average, 514.673 of the site's pages were accessed each month.
As regards the Bulletin, 6,957 recipients were signed up, as of 31 December, 2006, in other words an increase of 10% in one year.
21/12/2006 : Mme Desbordes, new secretary of the Fondation Napoléon
The board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon, meeting on 19 December, 2006, with president Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, in the chair, appointed Doctor Anne-Marie Desbordes as secretary of the Fondation Napoléon. She is to replace Ronald Zins, President of the Souvenir Napoléonien, who wished to stand down from this post.
05/12/2006 : RESEARCH GRANTS: A PHOTOFIT OF A RESEARCH GRANT WINNER
The Fondation Napoléon prize jury has awarded research grants every year since 1994. Fifty-six bursaries have been awarded, of which 54% went to history theses, 37% to art history theses, and 4% to history of law theses. Nearly half were on First Empire subjects (48 %), about a quarter 28 % were on purely Second Empire subjects, whilst 22% were for subjects which covered both periods. Nearly half of the theses supported were completed and the degree awarded, and 18 % were (according to the grant recipients) recorded as being "nearly finished". To our knowledge, only one recipient has abandoned their studies without completing their thesis.
One quarter of research grant recipients came from non-Parisian universities.
The average age of a research grant winner on receiving their grant is 31. 54% of our research grant winners have gone on to teach since receiving their grant (36% are still teaching). Half of the winners have published at least a book or an article.
In other words, the Fondation research grants have gone a long way to creating a 'hot house' of historians on both empires.
The jury awards six research grants each year. A research grant is worth 8,000 Euros.
21/11/2006 : Report on Fondation Napoléon patronage for 2006
Every year, the Fondation Napoléon supports different Napoleonic initiatives. The projects to be supported are selected by the board of trustees in their two meetings dedicated to project selection, one in February and the other in October. Given the limitations of the funds available, the Board usually favours initiatives which bring added historical and/or artistic value or which contribute to the preservation of Napoleonic heritage.
For 2006, the following projects were supported:
- the conference organised on the occasion of the bicentenary of the founding of the Légion d'Honneur's Maisons d'éducation
- the conference organised by the Association franco-européenne de Waterloo (AFEW) on the occasion of the bicentenary of the battle of Jena
- the Franco-German conference organised on the same theme by the French embassy in Berlin
- the conference organised by the Amis de Napoléon III and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the 1856 Congrès de Paris
- the exhibition "Champignon Bonaparte" currently on show at the Bibliothèque Marmottan in Boulogne-Billancourt
- the Domaines français on St Helena for the continuing restoration work
- the publishers Editions Mardaga (Bruxelles) for the publication of the Professor Jean Montgrédien's magnum opus on Italian theatre and music in Paris during the First Empire.
The Board of Trustees has furthermore set aside a significant sum to be given to the project for the renovation of the Salon Doré at Malmaison.
28/09/2006 : THE TREASURES OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON IN GERMANY
After the success in Monterrey (Mexico) - more than 40.000 visitors - the Fondation's treasures are back in Europe in 2007! The Preussen Museum in Wesel (Nordrheinwestphalia) is organising a large exhibition on Napoleon from 11 February to 1 July 2007. The masterpieces from the Fondation's collection are to be exhibited along with several other remarable objects from the collections of the French Musée de l'Armée and the Chateau de Malmaison, not forgetting loans from many German museums.
26/09/2006 : Fondation Napoléon Partnership with French radio channel Europe 1 for napoleon.org's tenth birthday
A partnership agreement has been signed between Europe 1 and the Fondation Napoléon to produce audio events for napoleon.org's tenth birthday. The radio station run by Jean-Pierre Elkabach is to put its studios at the disposal of the Fondation for a series of interviews (to be broadcast via the site) run by Franck Ferrand, the announcer for Europe 1's Sunday afternoon history programme. He will interview on behalf of the Fondation historians both Napoleonic and otherwise, certain figures close to the Fondation and other "expert witnesses" whose names will be published on the site as the interviews become available. Julie, one of Europe 1's famous voices, is also to be part of the adventure.
20/06/2006 : FONDATION NAPOLEON ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2005
At a meeting on 13 June, 2006, the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon approved the 2005 annual report. Following our annual custom, we bring you here the broad outlines.
The Fondation's own activities
In 2005, the Fondation Napoléon own activities were as follows:
• The award of Fondation Napoléon's History Prizes and Research Grants at the traditional lunch at the Jockey-Club. The 2005 Fondation Napoléon Grand Prix and the First Empire prize were awarded to Rémi Monaque, Trafalgar. 21 octobre 1805
, éditions Tallandier. The jury awarded three other prizes: the Second Empire prizes went to Jean-Claude Yon for Le Second Empire, politique, société, culture
, éditions Armand Colin; the non-French book prize went to Robert Goetz for 1805: Austerlitz
, éditions Greenhill Books; and the novel prize went to Armand Cabasson for Chasse aux loups
, éditions 10/18. Six doctoral students received research grants.
• The documentation centre continued its successes. The general public web site, www.napoleon.org
, received about 2.7 million sessions. The weekly news bulletin had 6,000 readers on 31 December. The primary document site, www.napoleonica.org
, received 100,000 sessions. Use of the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre library dropped slightly, but this was compensated by the almost full-time occupation of six library places by the corresponding members of the committee for the publication of the correspondence of Napoleon.
• The Fondation Napoléon continued its publishing activities via its partnership with Nouveau Monde Editions, publishing two titles in 2005: Le maréchal Davout
by Pierre Charrier and Lettres d'un lion. Correspondance inédite du général Mouton
, comte de Lobau, by Emmanuel de Waresquiel.
• The second volume of the Correspondance générale de Napoléon
published by Fondation Napoléon reached bookshops in May.
• The exhibition entitled «The Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon», held at the Musée Jacquemart-André (Paris), closed in April 2005. The show was a great success, clocking up about 125,000 visitors.
Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien
Partnership with major institutions
In 2005, exactly as in the past, the Fondation Napoléon continued to support the Souvenir Napoléonien.
In addition to the global support for the general running of the Souvenir Napoléonien and its delegations, the Fondation also completely financed the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien (more than 4000 copies published) which is given free to all members of the association.
Wherever possible, the Fondation has negotiated special offers for members of the Souvenir Napoléonien. This was the case where members were given a special price for the exhibition «The Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon».
In 2005 the Fondation Napoléon continued to collaborate with major institutions, namely, the Musée de l'Armée, the Musée de Malmaison, the Institut de France, the Centre des Monuments nationaux, the Domaines français de Sainte-Hélène, and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Outside France, the Fondation Napoléon participated, in Talahassee (Florida), in the annual Consortium on the Revolutionary era, 1750-1850, organised by a group of specialised American universities. Links were strengthened with the Naples Istituto orientale universitario with a view to drawing up a protocol of partnership. Support for Napoleonic events and institutions
The Fondation gave financial support for:
• The organisation of, and publication of the proceedings of, the conference Lyon sous le Consulat et l'Empire
• The publication of the review, Les annales des compagnons de l'Empire
• The exhibition held at the Institut de France for the bicentenary of the installation of the institution at the Collège des Quatre-Nations;
• The exhibition organised by the Centre des Monuments Nationaux entitled «Napoléon en campagne» held at the Arc de Triomphe;
• the publication of a book published by the French embassy in Bosnia-Herzegovina on the occasion of the bicentenary of the opening of the French Consulat général at Travnik;
• the publication of the review, Les Nouveaux Cahiers du Second Empire
produced by the association "Amis de Napoléon III";
• the publication of a book for young people produced by Comité de la Flamme de l'Arc de Triomphe explaining the history and symbolism of the flame at the arch;
• the publication of the book Napoléon et la Bretagne
, produced by Editions Ouest-France;
• the publication of the proceedings of the conference organised by the Grande Chancellerie as part of the bicentenary celebrations for the founding of the Maisons de la Légion d'Honneur.
14/06/2006 : RESTORATION OF LONGWOOD: THE PARTNERSHIP WITH THE FRENCH DOMAINS ON ST HELENA CONTINUES
At a meeting on 13 June, 2006, the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon, under president Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, decided to continue its partnership with the French Domains on St Helena with the aim of allowing Michel Dancoisne-Martineau the possibility of completing the restoration of Longwood House.
The Board therefore agreed the donation of a significant sum for the purchase, fabrication and mounting of wallpaper and curtain materials for the emperor's apartments deperately in need of repair.
With this operation, the French Domains continue their reorganisation and refurbishment of the house. Indeed, since the Consular services are performed elsewhere, the house is today entirely given over to its role as a museum.
07/04/2006 : Two new members of the Fondation Napoléon steering committee
At a meeting on 21 March, with president Victor-André Masséna, prince d'Essling, in the chair, the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon completed the steering committee of the institution by appointing Ronald Zins as secretary (as a replacement for the Baron de Méneval, whose term of office had expired) and Maurice Bernard-Catinat vice-treasurer, as a replacement for Bernard Chevallier (who has become vice-president).
The Fondation Napoléon standing committee is now as follows: Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling (president), Bernard Chevallier (vice-president), Ronald Zins (secretary), Comte Nicolas Walewski (treasurer) and Maurice Bernard-Catinat (vice-treasurer). The Baron Gourgaud, trustee, remains honorary president of the Fondation Napoléon.
13/03/2006 : Project: a grand conference on Napoleon III in 2008
2008 will be the bicentenary year of the birth of Napoleon III. The Fondation Napoléon is getting ready. An exhibition in a major national museum is being considered. And the second major event will be a grand international conference, provisionally entitled "Napoleon III, man and politician". This is to be held in April 2008. An academic steering committee has been formed, with Victor-André Masséna d'Essling, president of the Fondation Napoléon, as president and including not only professors Pierre Milza and Jacques-Olivier Boudon, but also Eric Anceau, lecteurer at Paris IV, Benoît Yvert, Ronald Zins, Gérard Hertault and representatives of the major government archival bodies. Secretary general for the conference will be Thierry Lentz, assisted by Emmanuelle Papot. The committee met for the first time on 9 march and sketched out a provisional programme. The time and place are yet to be established. Watch this space...
23/01/2006 : 19/01/2006: THE TREASURES OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON TO GO TO MEXICO
Following on from Sao Paulo (2003) and Paris (2004), the Treasures of the Fondation exhibition is to travel to Monterrey (north-east Mexico), where from 14 February to 14 June 2006 it is to be exhibited in the town's fine Glass Museum (Museo del Vidrio). More than 200 objects and works of art will be presented to a Mexican public in what will be a first for Mexico. For the occasion, the Fondation has joined with the Musée de l'Armée and the Musée National de Malmaison, the latter providing such prestigious loans as the uniform the First Consul wore at Marengo, the hat the emperor wore during the French Campaign, one of the empress Josephine's court dress train, etc.
The opening night gala will take place on 14 February, under the aegis of HIH the princess Napoléon, and in the presence of Victor-André Masséna, prince d'Essling, president of the Fondation Napoléon, General Robert Bresse, director of the Musée de l'Armée, and Bernard Chevallier, director of the Musée de Malmaison. Indeed, it is Monsieur Chevallier and Karine Huguenaud, the latter in charge of the Fondation Napoléon's collections, who have acted as commissaires for the exhibition, which is simply called "Napoleon".
19/01/2006 : VICTOR-ANDRE MASSENA ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
After eighteen years in office, the baron Gourgaud
has decided to stand down as president of the Fondation Napoléon, although he will continue to serve as a trustee. As a result of his decision, he presented his resignation to the Board of Trustees on 13 December, 2005.
The Board of Trustees has elected Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling
, Duc de Rivoli, as president of the Fondation. The Prince became a trustee in 2002 and was elected Vice President in January 2005.
During the same meeting the Baron Gourgaud was appointed President of Honour of the Fondation Napoléon. Bernard Chevallier, chief curator of of the Musée de Malmaison et Bois-Préau was elected Vice Président.
In concert with Prince Masséna, the board of trustees thanked the Baron Gourgaud for all that he had done leading the Fondation Napoléon since 1987. Founder of the institution after the devolution of the Lapeyre bequest, he tirelessly worked to make the Fondation a place for the widest possible public, recognised for its historical competence and its activities in the preservation of Napoleonic heritage.
10/10/2005 : L. DE WITT PhD VIVA, WINNER OF A FONDATION NAPOLEON RESEARCH GRANT
Winner of a 1998 Fondation Napoléon PhD research grant, Laetitia de Witt passed her PhD viva on the subject of Prince Victor (1862-1926), at the University of Paris IV-Sorbonne, on 4 October, 2005. The examiners included Prof. Jean Tulard, of the Institut, Jacques-Olivier Boudon, Jean Garrigues, Philippe Levillain and William Smith. She received in addition the accolade 'très honorable avec les félicitations du jury à l'unanimité', equivalent of 'summa cum laude'. Laetitia de Witt chose her thesis out of family interest and since she had access to certain still unpublished family archives. Grandson of King Jérôme, youngest brother of Napoleon I, and Catherine de Würtemberg, the Prince Victor was the son of Prince Napoléon-Joseph 'Plon-Plon' (who took the name of Jérôme on the death of his elder brother in 1847) and the princess Marie-Clotilde of Savoy, daughter of Vittore Emmanuele of Savoy (king of Italy in 1861) and Adelaide de Habsbourg.
10/10/2005 : FONDATION NAPOLEON HISTORY PRIZES AND GRAND PRIX: RESULTS ON 6 DECEMBER
The winners of the Fondation Napoléon 2005 History Prize will be announced by the Baron Gourgaud on 6 December, at the traditional reception organised in Paris, in the presence of the press and the members of the jury. The list of candidates for the four prizes is closed. One last reminder: the rules for the prize this year have been changed: four prizes may be awarded (1st Empire, 2nd Empire, non-French book, and other Napoleonic books); thereafter, the jury will choose one of the four winners as the Fondation Napoléon Grand Prix 2005.
09/09/2005 : OBITUARY: PAUL-MARC SETA, TRUSTEE AND DEPUTY TREASURER OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
The Baron Gourgaud and the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon are sad to announce the death of Paul-Marc Seta, trustee at the Fondation Napoléon, who passed away on Friday 2 September in Paris after a painful illness. Born in 1933, Paul-Marc Seta's work career was spent working for various French companies (Manpower France and Europe, the Pechiney group, the Creusot-Loire group and finally the Usinor-Sacilor group), however his main interest in life was history, especially that of Napoleon. He was a member of the Association du Souvenir Napoléonien for many years and in his later year became its treasurer. In order to provide a replacement for comte Florian Walewski, who died in September 2003, the Souvenir Napoléonien appointed Monsieur Seta to sit on the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon, where (last December) he became deputy treasurer.
09/09/2005 : 9/8/2005 AWARD OF THE PRIX LITTERAIRE DE LA VILLE D'AJACCIO TO THIERRY LENTZ
In addition to prizes from Institut de France in 1997 and a Grand Prix from the Fondation Napoléon, Thierry Lentz was awarded the Prix du Mémorial - literary Grand Prix of the Ville d'Ajaccio. At a ceremony on 5 August, Mr Lentz succeeded the eminent French scholar and author Marc Fumaroli as the 28th recipient of Prix du Mémorial for the the ensemble of his work on the First Empire. The president of the jury, Jean-Claude Casanova, member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, voiced the opinion of the selection committee when he praised the "the qualities of this prolific, precise, accomplished and respected historian".
The Prix du Mémorial was founded by the town of Ajaccio and the Association du Mémorial in 1977. It is awarded by a jury comprising eminent Frenchmen of letters and of history, including inter alia, Marc Fumaroli (his first year), François-Jérôme Gambarelli, Président of the Association culturelle du Mémorial, Emmanuel Leroy-Ladurie, member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, Jean-François Revel of the Académie française.
Specialist in law and lecturer in constitutional law, Thierry Lentz was for twelve years Director of external relations for a large international group, before becoming director of the Fondation Napoléon in June 2000. He has published many books on Napoleon, but most notably Le Grand Consulat (Fayard 1999), the Nouvelle histoire du Premier Empire (2 vols.) (Fayard 2002 et 2004), Napoléon et l'Europe (edited book, Fayard 2005), Le sacre de Napoléon (edited book, Nouveau Monde Editions 2003), Autour de l'empoisonnement de Napoléon (edited book, Nouveau Monde Editions 2001).
The jury also wish to express its congratulations for the project led by Thierry Lentz to publish an edition of Napoleon's letters entitled Correspondance générale de Napoléon, launched by the Fondation Napoléon with the support of the Archives de France and the Fondation La Poste.
The trustees and administrative team at the Fondation Napoléon send their warmest congratulations.
01/07/2005 : FONDATION NAPOLEON ANNUAL REPORT FOR 2004
At a meeting on 14 June, 2005, presided over by the Baron Gourgaud, the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon unanimously approved the 2004 annual report, presented by the Baron de Méneval, secretary. Here are the broad outlines of the document. Board of Trustees
Organisation of the Fondation Napoléon
The Board of Trustees met five times: 10 February, 23 March, 15 June, 5 October, 14 December. The meeting of 23 March was an extraordinary meeting called by the president in application of article 5 of the statutes.
2004 was marked by the deaths of two of the Fondation Napoléon's longest serving trustees: the Baron Guichard, who first became a trustee in 1987 and who died on 20 January, and Olivier Le Fuel, treasurer since 1990, who died on 26 June. Speeches of recognition of all that they had done for the Fondation were read out at the trustees' meetings which followed their deaths.
In accordance with the statutes, the board co-opted two eminently qualified replacements, namely, Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, Duc de Rivoli, and the Comte Nicolas Walewski.
The steering committee was re-arranged. On 31 December, 2004, it was as follows:
• Baron Gourgaud, President
• Bernard Chevallier, Vice-président
• Baron de Méneval, Secretary
• Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, vice-treasurer.
The post of treasurer was vacant.
Modification des statuts The Fondation's own activities
On the initiative of Baron Gourgaud, and in accordance with the statutes of 1987, the statutes of the Fondation Napoléon were updated to bring them into conformity with current types of statutes. In accordance with the statutes, the new statues were presented before two board meetings (23 March and 5 October) and the updating was approved by the board. The changes were approved by the Conseil d'Etat and the Ministre de l'Intérieur (Interior Ministry).
The executive team of the Fondation
On 31 December, 2004, the executive team of the Fondation comprised:
• Thierry Lentz, director
• Anne Rabaud, accountant and administration manager
• Muguette Jumeau, administrative secretariat
• Irène Delage, in charge of the Documentation Centre (library, internet and general documentation)
• Chantal Lheureux-Prévost, librarian
• Peter Hicks, historian and web-editor
• Karine Huguenaud, in charge of the collection and art history specialist
• Emilie Barthet, in charge of the «correspondance» project
• François Houdecek, assistant « correspondance » project
• Priscilla Manet, secretariat
The life of the Fondation
In 2004, the Fondation Napoléon own activities were as follows:
• The award of Fondation Napoléon's History Grands Prix and Research Grants at the traditional lunch at the Jockey-Club. David Chaillou (First Empire), and Steven Englund (non-French book) received the Grands Prix (no other prizes were awarded by the jury), and six doctoral students received research grants. At its meeting of 5 October, 2004, the board adopted a new set of rules regarding the Grands Prix.
• The documentation centre continued its successes. The general public web site, www.napoleon.org
, received about 2.2 million sessions. The weekly news bulletin had 5,000 readers on 31 December, 2004. The primary document site, www.napoleonica.org
, received 120,000 sessions. Use of the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre library remained steady.
• The Fondation Napoléon continued its publishing activities via its partnership with Nouveau Monde Editions, publishing six titles in 2004: two volumes of the Grands traités de l'Empire
by Michel Kérautret, Napoléon dans la littérature
by Christiane Bénardeau, Napoléon et les lycées
, edited by Jacques-Olivier Boudon, Duroc
by Jean de La Tour and Le maréchal Victor
, by Jacques Le Coustumier.
• The Fondation continued the grand project launched in 2001 for the publication of the complete correspondence of Napoleon I. The Fondation La Poste continued its financial support. The Archives de France have supported the project. The publishers, Editions Fayard, have agreed to publish the entire series. The first volume was published in October 2004 and was a great success.
• For the first time, the collection Martial Lapeyre and the acquisitions of the Fondation were presented in an single exhibition. This was held at the Musée Jacquemart-André (Paris) and entitled « The Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon ». A small exhibition of pieces from the collection (forty objects) was held in La Baule, in August.
• The Fondation participated in the 1st First Empire Salon, from 3 to 5 December, at the Palais des Congrès, Paris. Hundreds of visitors were welcomed at a stand of more than 100 m2 during the three “general public” days.
• As part of the bicentenary of the proclamation of the Empire and the consecration and coronation of Napoleon I, the Fondation alone organised several events: a talk and concert at Les Invalides on 18 May, an international conference « Views of Napoleon's European politique » and the coronation mass of Napoleon I at the Madeleine (2 December). Patronage Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien
In 2004, exactly as in the past, the Fondation Napoléon continued to support the Souvenir Napoléonien.
In addition to the global support for the general running of the Souvenir Napoléonien and its delegations, the Fondation also completely financed the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien (more than 4000 copies published ) which is given free to all members of the association.
Wherever possible, the Fondation has negotiated special offers for members of the Souvenir Napoléonien. This was the case in 2004 with the talk and concert at Les Invalides and the coronation mass of Napoléon at the Madeleine, where members of the Souvenir were invited free of charge. 3,000 invitations were sent to Souvenir members for the opening of the Louvre exhibition and 1,500 were handed for the exhibition « Napoléon et la Mer », held at the Musée National de la Marine. For the conference on Napoleon and Europe and the exhibition « Trésors de la Fondation Napoléon», members were given a special price. Partnership with major institutions
The Fondation Napoléon continued to collaborate with major institutions. In 2004, the Fondation was a partner of the Louvre, for the exhibition on Napoleon's coronation. It also pursued an almost daily collaboration with the Musée de l'Armée, the Musée de Malmaison, the French Domains on Saint Helena, etc. The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs was one of the Fondation's partners for the conference on Napoleon and Europe and also assisted in the publication of the collection of the great treaties of the Empire. Support for Napoleonic events and institutions
The Fondation gave financial support for:
• The publication of the Nouveaux cahiers du Second Empire
by the Amis de Napoléon III;
• The publication of the catalogue for the exhibition on the bicentenary of the town La Roche-sur-Yon, organised by the Prefecture of the Vendée;
• The exhibition on Napoleon's coronation at the Louvre;
• The publication of the proceedings of the conference « Napoléon et les lycées » organised by the Institut Napoléon ;
• the placing online of the archives Napoléon, fonds 400 AP, by the Archives Nationales. In 2004, several works received the Fondation's support:
• Le dictionnaire des capitaines de vaisseaux de Napoléon
, by Bernard Quintin, Editions SPM;
• The Bulletin des Amis de Frédéric Masson
• The catalogue for an exhibition of portraits of the imperial family held at the Museo Napoleonico, Rome;
• The Annales de l'Empire
• The catalogue of an exhibition held at the Bibliothèque Marmottan, Les clémences de Napoléon
• The catalogue for an exhibition held at the Musée de la Toile de Jouy, Napoléon et la toile de Jouy.
27/05/2005 : "TREASURES OF FONDATION NAPOLEON": GOOD RESULT
The exhibition "Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon", which was open to the public from 27 September 2004 to 24 April 2005 in the fine setting of the Musée Jacquemart-André, in the end was visited by more than 135,000 people (of which 126 085 paid entrance). In comparison with the usual results for temporary exhibitions, this is a good score. Indeed, it is the third best ever for a temporary exhibition at Jacquemart-André.
The exhibition was of 200 key objects from the Collections Fondation Napoléon (Lapeyre bequest and acquisitions).
04/04/2005 : THE FONDATION NAPOLEON PARTNER WITH THE ARC DE TRIOMPHE
The Fondation Napoléon is to be a partner in the exhibition "Napoleon on campaign" which will be held from 15 June until 31 December, 2005, in the exhibition rooms inside the Arc de Triomphe in the place Charles de Gaulle, Paris. this exhibition will contain object related to the soldiers of the Grande Armée and their bivouacs and to the emperor. On this occasion, the Mobilier National (French National Furniture store) have loaned certain rare pieces from their imperial collections, such as objects a tent, and certain transport cases, etc.
20/01/2005 : THE BARON GOURGAUD RE-ELECTED AT THE HEAD OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
The board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon met twice this week (11 and 14 January) in order to vote in the new board of trustees.
After having settled the designation of the two new delegates from the Souvenir Napoléonien (Messieurs Gérard Moyaux and Dr Catinat, the latter being a renewal), two 'highly qualified personalities' were co-opted, in the meeting of 11 January presided over by interim president, Bernard Chevallier. The Baron Gourgaud and Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, were both re-co-opted for six years.
On 14 January, the board proceeded to elect a new standing committee, with a mandate for three years. The Baron Gourgaud was re-elected president. Victor-André Masséna was elected vice-president. The Baron de Méneval remains secretary. The Comte Nicolas Walewski was elected treasurer. Paul-Marc Seta will assist him in this role as deputy-treasurer.
08/10/2004 : COMTE NICOLAS WALEWSKI, NEW TRUSTEE OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
Meeting on 5 October under the presidency of the Baron Gourgaud, the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon unanimously coopted Comte Nicolas Walewski as a replacement for Olivier Le Fuel, who died last June. Polytechnicien (1989), Comte Nicolas Walewski has a diploma from the Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Economique. He is currently a senior employee in a private bank. 39 years old, he is married and a father of two (soon to be three) children.
A descendant of Napoleon via Marie Walewska, he is the younger brother of Comte [Alexandre] Walewski and of Comte Florian Walewski, both of whom in the past were trustees and vice-presidents of the Fondation.
08/10/2004 : IN HOMAGE TO OLIVIER LE FUEL, TREASURER OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
During the meeting of the board of trustees, 5 October, 2004, the Baron Gourgaud paid homage to a Olivier Le Fuel, who died last June:
"Olivier Le Fuel died on 26 June, 2004, losing a long battle against cancer. We all saw the energy with he fought the disease, and the periods of remission which gave him courage and us hope. And then return of the disease.
Our friend fought bravely. He is no longer here. And so all of us here around this table, we treasure the happy moments we spent with him and remember him with affectation and amity. I was, as you know, very close to Olivier Le Fuel. We were friends for more than forty years. But this morning I wish to dwell upon the time he spent with us here on the board of trustees. Olivier Le Fuel, already well known in Napoleonic circles, joined the board of trustees when the Fondation was created. One year later he was elected treasurer, a post he was to hold up until his death. During these years, he was often at my side as one of the principal figures at the Fondation, offering his inexhaustible enthusiasm and giving up a great deal of his time for it. And he was greatly involved in the structuring and channelling of the work of the Fondation, in the different sectors of its activity. However, there were two domains in which he left his indelible mark: our finances and our collection!
In terms of financial matters, there is no need to review here Olivier Le Fuel's work. He will remain for all time, THE treasurer of the Fondation. By his judicious (indeed, I would say, brilliant) financial guidance, we were always able to pursue our projects appropriately. His work has provided the funds with which his successors can continue to forge the image of the Fondation as an benchmark institution.
The other domain in which Olivier Le Fuel excelled was art. He was born into a family of renowned architects and cabinetmakers, men and women of art and taste. It is to our friend that we owe the careful management of the collection Martial Lapeyre. It is to him that we owe the remarkable acquisitions made by the Fondation and which now form the central part of the exhibition currently held at the Musée Jacquemart-André, "The Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon".
And since Olivier Le Fuel was also a generous man, he personally contributed, with his family, to the enrichment of our collection by donating certain key objects, notably the magnificent statue which opens the exhibition.
For all this, and also because he was a brilliant man of integrity, frank but also friendly, intelligent, and enthusiastic, Olivier Le Fuel will be as great a loss to this board of trustees as he will be to the napoleonic world at large".
At the end of this eulogy, the board of director observed a minute's silence.
08/10/2004 : FONDATION NAPOLEON 2003 YEAR REVIEW
As every year, we publish here below the principal extracts from the review of our year's activities, prepared by the Baron de Méneval, secretary of the Fondation Napoléon, and unanimously approved by the board of trustees in June 2004.
Board of trustees
2003 was marked by the sudden death of Comte Florian Walewski, vice-president of the Fondation Napoléon, on 13 September. Comte Florian Walewski had been appointed by the Souvenir Napoléonien, and his mandate would have run until 31 December, 2008.
In conformity with the Fondation's statues, the Souvenir Napoléonien appointed a replacement for Comte Florian Walewski to run for the remaining years of his mandate in the person of Paul-Marc Seta.
In 2003, the board of trustees met four times: 25 February, 17 June, 7 October, 9 December.
On 31 Decembre 2003, the Fondation Napoléon's standing committee stood as follows:
• Baron Gourgaud, president
• Baron de Méneval, secretary
• M. Olivier Le Fuel, treasurer
• M. Bernard Chevallier, deputy treasurer
In harmony with the legal obligations facing the Fondation Napoléon, on 13 November, a staff representative was appointed. Irène Delage was elected.
The life of the Fondation The Fondation's own activities
In 2003, the activities of the Fondation Napoléon were as follows:
• The award of Fondation Napoléon's History Grands Prix and Research Grants at the traditional lunch at the Jockey-Club. Emmanuel de Waresquiel (First Empire), Nicolas Stoskopf (Second Empire), Lisa Zeitz and Joachim Zeitz (non-French book) and Antoine de Caunes and Pierre Kubel (multimedia) received the Grands Prix, and six doctoral students received research grants.
• The documentation centre continued its success. The general public web site, www.napoleon.org
, received about 1.9 million sessions, 12% up on 2002. The weekly nes bulletin had 4,300 readers on 31 December, 2003. The primary document site, www.napoleonica.org
, received 120,000 sessions (up 30%), with an average session time of 20 minutes. Use of the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre library remained steady at about 1,000 research sessions.
• The Fondation Napoléon increased it publishing activities via its partnership with Nouveau Monde Editions, publishing five titles in 2003: Trois cents jours d'exil. Napoléon à l'île d'Elbe
, by Guy Godelewski, Souvenirs historiques du capitaine Krettly
, presented by Yves Calvi and Gilbert Bodinier, L'Amérique du Nord et Napoléon
, by Sylvain Pagé, L'Espagne contre Napoléon
, by Jean-René Aymes, Napoléon à l'écran: cinéma et télévision
, by David Chanteranne and Isabelle Veyrat-Masson.
• The continued the huge project launched 2001 for the publication of the complete correspondence of Napoleon 1. The Fondation La Poste continued its financial support. The Archives de France have supported the projet. The publishers, Editions Fayard, have agreed to publish the entire series. The collection of letters was almost complete on 31 December, 2003. 2004 is to be the year when the two first volumes are to be published.
At the end of 2002, there were four «projets associatifs»:
• the Fondation Napoléon's collection: the project was voted in March 2001, for the creatino of a complete inventory and digitised catalogue of the more than 1,200 objects in the collection. The Fondation was furthermore the lynchpin of the Napoléon/Napoleao exhibition organised in Sao Paulo from 1 September to 31 October. Thierry Lentz was the commissaire for the exhibition, Bernard Chevallier was its historical consultant. The fact that certain prestigious, world-class institutions were willing to loan works to this exhibition shows that the Fondation is considered by those institutions in the same light. The Sao Paolo exhibition was seen by 170,000 visitors. Finally, the Fondation acquired several pieces from the Empress Josephine's 4th Egyptian Cabaret cocao service.
• Correspondence of Napolon I: project adopted in the second week of 2001.
• Medium-term partnership with the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène, following on from the urgent support given in 2001. This second year made it possible to continue restoration work. The restored rooms were inaugurated in Avril 2003, in the presence of Comte Florian Walewski, vice-president of the Fondation, and Bernard Chevallier, deputy treasurer. Alongside this support by the Fondation, a project for a joint project has been undertaken with the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the complete restoration of the roof on the "generals' house" and urgent safety work. The would like very much here to thank Dominique de Villepin, Minister for Foreign Affairs and his adviser, who worked efficiently to convince the civil servants of the importance of this operation. Patronage Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien
In 2003, the Fondation Napoléon continued to support the Souvenir Napoléonien.
In addition to the global support for the general running of the Souvenir Napoléonien and its delegations, the Fondation also completely financed the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien (more than 4000 copies published) which is gievn free to all members of the association.
Furthermore, the Fondation continued to finance completely the association's information bulletin sent to all the members of the association.
Finally, the Fondation gave a sizeable grant for the organisation of the conference, 'The Napoleons and Europe, which took place in Clermont-Ferrand on 12 and 13 September, 2003, as well as helping the Boulogne delegation with their operations regarding the bicentenary of the awarding of the first 'étoiles' of the Légion d'Honneur at the Camp de Boulogne. Partnership with major institutions
The Fondation Napoléon continued its policy of collaborating with major institutions. In 2003, it supported the Musée National de la Marine, in the preparation of their exhibition, Napoléon et la Mer
, and the restoration of the 'Canot de l'Empereur'. It also continued its partnership with the Musée de l'Armée for the concert cycle Napoleon and music. As mentioned above, it has developed its links with the French Minsitry of Foreign Affairs, agreeing on the idea of a grand conference in 2004 on the theme of Napoleon's European politique. The preservation of Napoleonic heritage
In addition to activities in favour of French National Museums and other related institutions mentioned here above, and in the context of it operations with respect to the preservation of Napoleonic heritage, the Fondation Napoléon has helped
• The Musée Napoléon de la Pommerie
• The French Embassy in Lithuania for the erection in a Vilnius cemetery of a monument to the soldiers of the Grande Armée who died there;
• The Association des Amis de Napoléon III for the erection of a bust of Napoleon III at Miscouche, on Prince Edward Island. Support for Napoleonic events
The Fondation has supported:
• The exhibition Marchand, Ali, au service de Napoléon à Sainte-Hélène, organised in Sens and Auxerre ;
• the publication of the acts of a conference run by the Association Franco-Européenne de Waterloo In 2003, several works received the Fondation's support:
• the Dictionnaire des capitaines de vaisseaux de Napoléon
, by Bernard Quintin, published by
• The Bulletin des Amis de Frédéric Masson ;
• The catalogue for a future exhibition entitled Portraits of the Imperial Family
Museo Napoleonico, Rome ;
• Les Annales de l'Empire ;
• The catalogue of the future exhibition at the Bibliothèque Marmottan entitled Les clémences de Napoléon
• The catalogue of the future exhibition entitled, Napoléon et la toile de Jouy
05/07/2004 : DEATH OF OLIVIER LE FUEL, TREASURER OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
The Baron Gourgaud and the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon are sad to announce the death of Olivier Le Fuel, treasurer of the Fondation Napoléon, 27 June, 2004.
Trustee of the Fondation since its creation in 1987, Olivier Le Fuel was elected treasurer in January 1993, a post in which he remained until his death. Art expert and descended from a long line of famous architects and cabinet makers, Monsieur Le Fuel was also in charge of the Fondation's collection, to which he cautiously added objects and pieces of outstanding value, not least from his own collection. Olivier Le Fuel was 75 years old.
21/06/2004 : RE-ORGANISATION OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON'S STEERING COMMITTEE
Meeting under the presidency of Baron Gourgaud on 15 June, 2004, the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon elected the Fondation's steering committee: Bernard Chevallier became Vice-President and Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, became deputy treasurer. The steering committee currently comprises: the Baron Gourgaud (President), Bernard Chevallier (Vice-President), the Baron de Méneval (Secretary), Olivier Le Fuel (Treasurer) and Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling (deputy treasurer).
15/04/2004 : BICENTENARY OF THE EMPIRE: PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE LOUVRE AND THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
As per an agreement signed recently by Henri Loyrette, President-Director of the Louvre, and the Baron Gourgaud, President of the Fondation Napoléon, the two institutions have decided to combine their energies and means for several projects:
- the Exhibition entitled "The 'Sacre de Napoléon' painted by Louis David" which will take place at the Louvre from 19 October, 2004, to 17 January, 2005;
- The catalogue of the exhibition
- The catalogue/book 'Sur les traces de Napoléon', written for young people and co-published by 'Les éditions du Louvre' and 'Gallimard';
- The book entitled 'Napoléon au Louvre', co-published by the 'Les éditions du Louvre' and 'Fayard';
- the Exhibition "The Treasures of the Fondation Napoléon" which will take place at the Musée Jacquemart-André from 28 September, 2004, to 15 March, 2005.
01/03/2004 : HONOUR FOR THE PRINCE MURAT
By order of the Par French Secretary of State for Tourism, dated 2 January, 2004, the French Gold Medal for Tourism was awarded to the Prince Murat, director of the Tourist and Conference Office of the Principality of Monaco. Indeed, this is the highest French honour for Tourism. It is the recognition of thirty years work and success. Administrator of the Fondation Napoléon, the Prince Murat is also Chevalier of the Ordre de Saint-Charles and Silver Medal of the Ville de Paris. The Fondation Napoléon offers its congratulations.
10/02/2004 : VICTOR-ANDRE MASSENA D'ESSLING, NEW TRUSTEE OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
The board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon coopted, as a replacement for Baron Guichard, Victor-André Masséna, Prince d'Essling, Duc de Rivoli, lawyer by training, founder or administrator of various companies. At 53, the Prince d'Essling is Vice-president of the Board of Trustees of the Musée de l'Armée and Vice-president of the Société des Amis de Malmaison. And you will all have guessed from this short biography that Victor-André Masséna d'Essling is the descendant of André Masséna (1758-1817), Maréchal de France, and for his bravery nicknamed "L'enfant chéri de la Victoire" (the darling child of Victory) by Bonaparte himself after the battle of La Favorita (16 January, 1796).
10/02/2004 : THE FONDATION NAPOLEON'S HOMAGE TO BARON GUICHARD
During the meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon, 10 February, 2004, the Baron Gourgaud, President of the Fondation Napoléon, spoke in memory of Olivier Guichard, ex-minister and trustee of the Fondation since 1988 with the following words.
Our colleague, the Baron Guichard, died on 20 January 2004. He was 83 year old - 83 years of service to France.
He was my friend of many years.
We met via one of his cousins who had been with him at university.
Olivier Guichard was then one of the most important personalities of the political world of the time.
And so it was with some hesitation that asked asked him to a meeting with me where I was to explain to him the situation and to ask him whether he would like to participate in the creation of the Fondation Napoléon.
He accepted without the slightest hesitation, and he was an administrator of the our institution until his death.
His presence amongst us was beneficial in every respect: he brought his prestige, his character and his fidelity.
I shall not here rehearse his political and administrative career; the press did that in the days following his death.
As a very close collaborator with General de Gaulle, prefect, and Conseiller d'Etat, Deputy Mayor of La Baule, President of the Conseil régional of the Pays de Loire, Olivier Guichard was many times minister and twice Minister of State, as Minister of Land Management and Justice Minister, respectively.
This Baron of Gaullism, as people used to call him, contributed more than thirty years to the government of France and twenty-five years to the development of the atlantic coastline.
He was without doubt an epoch-making figure.
The Baron Guichard was furthermore, as you all know, from an "Empire" family.
His ancestor, Louis Guichard, born in 1772, had a fine military career, firstly in the Revolutionary armies and later in the Imperial army: he was adjutant to General Souham, Chief of Staff for Maréchal Lannes, and participated in all the campaigns at the beginning of the Empire, notably the siege of Danzig in 1807. After his promotion to Colonel, he performed successfully during the Campagne de France and was very seriously wounded at the Battle of Ligny, the Emperor's last victory.
Chevalier initially and later Officier of the Légion d'honneur, Louis Guichard was made a Baron of the Empire in June 1808.
With Olivier Guichard, we were lucky to have on the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon a personality of the premier order, filled to the core with that excellent sense of the general interest, which he put to our benefit during meetings.
More recent trustees have no idea of the work and time that Baron Guichard put in during the period when the Fondation was created; and at a time when he was Deputy Mayor and Regional President.
He was one of the first trustees and participated tirelessly in our operations for seventeen years, only missing three or four board meetings out of a possible total of nearly sixty, even presiding over our institution for several weeks in 1997.
His presence amonst us was also very important for the relationships which our foundation has established with the great State administrations and institutions.
I think that I can say that, without him, we would not have been what we are.
The Figaro defined him in a way that we have always seen him: "The heavy eyelids of the sceptic, his large frame and florid face towered over our offices".
Old lion of public life, habitué of the upper reaches of power, our friend spoke sparingly but always to effect, sorting out an issue, suggesting here and there a solution - always the right one.
The lion never slept. He used his words sparingly.
Baron Guichard was Grand-Officier of the Légion d'Honneur.
In the name of all of us, I once again present the sincere condolences of the Fondation Napoléon to La Baronne Guichard and the family of our friend and colleague".
The Board of Trustees observed a few moments of silence in honour of Baron Guichard.
21/01/2004 : OBITUARY: BARON OLIVIER GUICHARD, EX-MINISTER, TRUSTEE OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
Minister under General Gaulle, Baron Olivier Guichard died on in Paris on Tuesday 20 January, 2004. A member of the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon since the creation of that institution, he was descended from Colonel Louis Guichard (1772-1837), appointed Baron de l'Empire by Imperial decree in 1808, and Commander of the Légion d'honneur in 1831.
Born in 1920, and having a gained a degree in 'ès lettres' and law, Olivier Guichard
led a political career of which the fixed point was his fidelity to General de Gaulle. In 1947 he joined the Gaullist RPF, where he was Chef de service and later attaché to De Gaulle's political secretariat. When the General returned to power in 1958, he appointed Guichard as deputy director of his office, and later Prefect. Olivier Guichard was also elected Député for Loire-Atlantique in 1967, Conseiller Général of the Guérande in 1970, Mayor of La Baule in 1971, and Regional President three years later. In parallel to his local activities, he also occupied several ministerial posts, notably: Minister for Industry, 1967-1968; Minister for Land development (Plan et Aménagement du territoire), 1968-1969; Minister for Education , 1969-1972; Minister for Housing and Tourism (Equipement, Logement et Tourisme), 1972-1974. He was also State Minister for Land Management (Aménagement du territoire), 1974 and State Minister for Justice, 1976-1977.
Baron Guichard was made Grand officier of the Légion d'honneur by President Jacques Chirac, in July 2002.
09/01/2004 : PAUL-MARC SETA JOINS THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE FONDATION NAPOLEON
The board of the Association du Souvenir Napoléonien nominated Paul-Marc Seta to sit on the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon as a replacement for the Comte Florian Walewski, who died in September. Retired from the world of industry and currently treasurer of the Souvenir Napoléonien, Mr Seta was present at his first trustees meeting on 10 December, 2003.
06/11/2003 : NAPOLEON IN BRAZIL: A GREAT SUCCESS: 170,000 VISITORS IN TWO MONTHS
The Napoléon/Napoleao exhibition in Sao Paulo closed on 2 November. In just two months, this event, for which the Fondation Napoléon played the role of commissioners of the exhibition, received nearly 170,000 visitors (169,883 to be precise). In other words, the event was a huge success. Next 'outing' for the Fondation's collection: Paris, at the Musée Jacquemart-André, from September, 2004.
10/10/2003 : Bicentenary of the Empire: the Fondation Napoléon's programme
On 7 October 2003, the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon laid down its programme for the operations which it will support or which it will organise in 2004 for the bi-centenary of the First Empire. Here are some of the details:
1°) Bicentenary of the Proclamation of the Empire (18 May)
In collaboration with the Musée de l'Armée, concert of Napoleonic music at the church of Saint-Louis des Invalides. The concert which be preceded by a major conference.
2°) Bicentenary of the presentation of the first stars of the Légion d'Honneur to the army (16 August)
The Fondation Napoléon has aligned itself with several events organised by the town of Boulogne-sur-Mer and the Grande Chancellerie de la Légion d'Honneur.
3°) Exhibition "The treasures of the Fondation Napoléon. 'Art de vivre' and history"
This exhibition of 200 remarkable pieces from the Fondation's collection ('donation Lapeyre' and acquisitions) will open on 18 September, 2004, at the Musée Jacquemart-André, blvd Haussmann, in Paris. It will last six mois.
4°) International conference: "Views of Napoleon's European policy'
Organised jointly by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Fondation Napoléon, this conference is to be held in the Centre de Conférences Internationales on Avenue Kléber, 18 and 19 November, 2004. It will be opened by Dominique de Villepin, Foreign Affairs Ministers, and will include about 30 speakers from France, Italy, Poland, the Czech Republic, the USA and Britain.
5°) Bicentenary of the Coronation of Napoleon
The Fondation Napoléon is to join with the Festival de la Chaise-Dieu for a repeat performance of the mass for the coronation of Napoleon, in an as yet unspecified venue. Authorisation to hold the event in Notre-Dame on 2 December has been requested.
6°) Publication of the first two volumes of the 'Correspondance générale de Napoléon'.
This multi-volume work, organised by the Fondation, will be published by Fayard, 15 October.
7°) First Empire Salon
The Fondation has become involved in this salon which will take place on 3, 4 and 5 December, 2004, at the Palais des Congrès at Porte Maillot, Paris. Exhibitions, talks, stands etc... are all planned. This is the first time that such an event has taken place in France.
08/10/2003 : The Fondation Napoléon's homage to Comte Florian Walewski
During the meeting of the board of trustees, the Fondation Napoléon, 7 October 2003, the Baron Gourgaud made the following address in homage to Comte
"My dear colleagues,
Before passing on to the agenda, I would like to pay my respects to the memory of Comte Florian Walewski, our vice-president and our friend, my very dear friend, who passed away so suddenly on 14 September of this year.
Born on 1 November 1935 in Paris, he would have been 68 at the end of this month.
Everyone here is acquainted with his professional career, which was directed entirely towards the creation and management of companies, particularly in the transport and tourism sector.
He was particularly well prepared for such things, given his diplomas from HEC and from INSEAD, and having cut his teeth as a manager in certain major international companies.
You also know that, progressively over the last five years, he had been setting aside his professional obligations in order to be able to dedicate himself more actively to various projects close to his heart, notably the Souvenir Napoléonien and the Fondation Napoléon. He was our vice-president for slightly less than three years and quite naturally played a key role place in its running, for many reasons.
Firstly because of his personality: he was a man of dialogue, of reflection and, as we all know, a man of action. Skilfully, and with both good humour and great common sense, he harmonised the structures of the Fondation, whether in the steering committee, the board of trustees or with the administrative team; for the latter he was what you could call, a 'man-resource', always ready to offer his 'lumieres' to any problem that came up. The relationships he formed with colleagues soon became close and friendly. We each one of us have special memories of moments when he brought his special brand of wisdom to bear on a particular question.
Florian Walewski's perfect integration at the Fondation was perfectly justified by his, what I would call, "professional" skills. Always available, despite a packed diary, and always acting with circumspection, he was always there, assisting me with budgetary, general and planning issues. Whilst never losing sight of the Fondation's statue
as 'of public utility', he contributed greatly to the modernisation of its activities and management. He had projects for the future, and his brilliant contribution to our last trustees meeting - which was voted unanimously in its entirety - will remain in our memories.
It would come as no surprise to you if I said that Florian Walewski had a great future here in our Fondation. We spoke about it the week before his death.
His sudden departure has shocked all of those who knew him and believed in him. It is a great trial for our institution and for me.
I am sure that I speak for you all when I say that we, in whatever role we play at the Fondation, will work through this our sadness by making it our sole objective the furtherance of this institution. Florian Walewski would not have wanted it any other way.
He is in our thoughts today, as are also the Comtesse Patricia Walewska his wife, and his children and grandchildren. I propose a moment's silence in memory of our friend."
Following these words, the board of trustees observed a minute's silence.
19/09/2003 : Death of Count Florian Walewski, Vice-President of the Fondation Napoleon
The Count Florian Walewski, vice-president of the Fondation Napoléon, died suddenly on 14 September, 2004. He was 67 years old.
Vice-president of the Fondation since 2000, he worked tirelessly for the modernisation of its administration and everyday running. He was particularly interested in encouraging the historical role of the Fondaion, supporting its
commitment to heritage preservation, and he was open to those of the Napoleonic world of all shades. To these qualities he added his calm and his good-natured sense of perspective, and a much appreciated sense of humour.
The requiem mass for Count Florian Walewski took place in Paris on 18 Septembre. The note on a wreath placed at the entrance to the church of Saint-Thomas d'Aquin read "Heaven in fortunate to have him". It summed up the thoughts of everyone there that day.
09/09/2003 : Napoleon in Brazil: success for the exhibition in Sao Paulo
The "Napoléon" exhibition in Sao Paulo was inaugurated on 24 August, amidst a galaxy of personalities from world of Brazilian politics and culture and the president of the Fondation Napoleon, the Baron Gourgaud. The exhibition is to close on 2 November.
The exhibition is spread over 2,500 m2, has more than 350 works on show, and boasts the most extraordinary scenography, designed by the Frenchman Michel Albertini, which includes an egyptian temple, the emperor's campaign tent, a salon from Malmaison, the burning of Moscow, and Longwood House, Saint Helena. And all these settings are brought to life by means of special effects designed by the specialist, Bernard Lacoste. The subtle lighting of the exhibition is by Xavier Caron.
Amongst the works on show are more than 150 pieces from the collection of the Fondation Napoléon (the emperor's gun, personal objects, 19 plates from the Headquarter or Quartiers-généraux service, David's final sketch before he set about painting his version of Napoleon's coronation, etc...) and loans from some of the most prestigious French museums (the Louvre, Malmaison, the Musée de l'Armée, the Musée du chateau de Fontainebleau, the Musée Galliéra, the Musée Carnavalet, the Musée Masséna, etc...).
The curator of this exhibition is Thierry Lentz, Director of the Fondation Napoléon, assisted by Karine Huguenaud, Curator of the Fondation's collection. Bernard Chevallier, Directeur of the Musée de Malmaison, was consultant.
This exhibition is currently enjoying enormous popularity: the visitor numbers are currently hovering around 2,000 per day, which (if it continues at the same level over the next two months) will make the huge final total of 200,000.
20/06/2003 : Fondation Napoléon: 2002 report
The trustees of the Fondation Napoléon unanimously approved the report for 2001 which was presented to the board by the Baron de Méneval, secretary, during the sitting of 17 June, 2003. The principal points of the meeting were as follows:
Organisation of the Fondation Napoléon The Board of Trustees
The Board of Trustees underwent several changes:
The Baron de Méneval having been elected president of the Souvenir Napoléonien has occupied since the board meeting of 2002 the ex-officio seat left vacant by his predecessor, Bernard Petit. The board also received two new members designated by the Souvenir Napoléonien, namely the Prince Murat (for seven years, replacement for Doctor Catinat) and Doctor Catinat (for three years, replacement for the Baron de Méneval).
The Standing Committee of the Fondation Napoléon also underwent changes. At the end of 2002, it stood thus:
· Baron Gourgaud, President
· Comte Florian Walewski, Vice-President
· Baron de Méneval, Secretary
· Olivier Le Fuel, Treasurer
· Bernard Chevallier, Deputy Treasurer
In 2002, the Board of Trustees met six times: 12 February, 9 April, 6 May (extraordinary meeting), 18 June, 22 October, 10 December. The administrative team at the Fondation
On 31 December, 2002, the administrative team at the Fondation Napoleon was as follows:
· Thierry Lentz, Director
· Anne Rabaud, Head of accountancy and administration, part-time
· Muguette Jumeau, Secretariat
· Irène Delage, Head of the Documentation Centre (library, internet and general documentation)
· Chantal Lheureux-Prévost, Librarian
· Peter Hicks, Historian and web editor
· Karine Huguenaud, Collection and art history consultant
· Emilie Barthet, Chargée d'affaires "Correspondance Project",
· Stéphanie Guineton, Secretariat.
Sale of non-napoleonic objects from the Fondation Napoléon's collection
The life of the Fondation
The Board of Trustees' meeting of 6 March, 2002, having adopted the principal of the sale of works and objects from outside the Napoleonic periods, in conformity with the explicit authorisation for such an action written in the will of Martial Lapeyre, two auctions were organised by Me Tajan. The sale was a success and almost all of the works on sale found a buyer. Actions specific to the Fondation in 2001
The Fondation's own work remains significant and high profile. In 2002, this work comprised:
· The awarding of the Fondation Napoléon's Grands Prix and Research grants
, at the traditional lunch held at the Jockey-Club. Alain Pigeard (First Empire), Micheline Dupuy (Second Empire), Luigi Mascilli Migliorini (book in a language other than French) and Robert Hossein and Alain Decaux, of the Académie française (Show) were the recipiants of the prizes; six research topics were supported.
· The Fondation Napoléon's Documentation Centre
again this year met with great success, as the following statistic show: the general public web site napoleon.org (this one): 1,721,729 sessions in 2002, compared to 1,301,512 for 2001 (in other words an increase of 30 %). On 31 December, 2002, the weekly bulletin had 3,693 readers (compared to 2560 on 31 December, 2001). The researchers' web site, napoleonica.org, had 92,604 session in 2002 (compared with 72,147 in 2001), with an average session time of 29 minutes. Visits to the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre Library were also up, with 1,000 visitors this year as opposed to 700 the year before.
· The Fondation Napoléon has increased it publishing activities
, via a partnership with the company Nouveau Monde Editions, with the publication of five new titles in 2002: Les élites religieuses à l'époque de Napoléon
, by Professor Jacques-Olivier Boudon, Schulmeister, dans les coulisses de la Grande Armée
, by Gérard Hertault and Abel Douay, Les grands traités du Consulat
, by Michel Kerautret, Le mythe du héros. France et Italie après la chute de Napoléon,
by Luigi Mascilli Migliorini and the two volumes, Fouché
, by Louis Madelin.
· The Fondation has continued its huge project, launched in 2001, to publish the complete correspondance of Napoleon I
. The Fondation La Poste agreed to participate in the project which is led by "Committee for the publication of the Correspondance de Napoléon". Editions Fayard will be the publisher of this key historical work, which will have between fifteen and twenty volumes.
At the end of 2002, the "associated projects" specific to the Fondation Napoléon were four in number:
: project voted in June 2000; this project should be completed in the first half of 2003.
· The Fondation Napoléon's collection
: project voted in March 2001, for the creation of a proper inventory and digital catalogue of the more than 1200 objects in this collection.
· Correspondance of Napoleon
: project adopted in the second half of 2001.
· Medium term partnership with the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène
, following on from urgent financial support in 2001. In the first year of this project, part of Longwood house has been repaired. The project continues into 2003.
Support for the Souvenir Napoléonien
In 2002, the Fondation Napoléon continued to support the Souvenir Napoléonien.
It financed entirely the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien (readership of more than 4000), a magazine given free of charge to every member of the association. Furthermore, the General Index to the publication, the 'Index général historique de la Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien' was published by the Fondation.
In the same way, the Fondation continued to finance entirely the information bulletin for members of the association. In addition to the financial support for the general running of the Souvenir Napoléonien and its delegations, an exceptional financement was given to the Alsatian delegation "Souvenir Napoléonien d'Alsace" for the commemoration of the bicentenary of the Légion d'Honneur. The Fondation Napoléon also supported the Souvenir's actions regarding the bicentenary of the lycées. Partnership with major institutions
Over the years, the Fondation Napoléon has established close relations with certain major institutions. This work continued in 2002 with the Musée National de Malmaison (restoration work on the entry tent and assistance with the publication of the Bbulletin de la Société des Amis de Malmaison), the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène (see above), the Château d'Ecouen (project for the rebuilding of a fountain in the ground), the Musée de l'Armée (musical evenings and preparation for the Austerlitz exhibition), the Musée National de la Marine (restoration of the Emperor's 'canot'), the Conseil d'Etat (assistance for the creation of a sound archive), the Centre Historique des Archives Nationales (putting online of the Fonds 400 AP "Napoléon" papers). Outside France
, the Fondation supported the Institut d'Etude de l'Epoque Napoléonienne de Pultusk (Poland) and Durham University, (UK). Preservation of Napoleonic heritage
In addition to its work in favour of the Musées Nationaux and others mentioned above, and in the context of its activity in preserving Napoleonic heritage, the Fondation Napoléon helped:
· The Association pour la Conservation des Monuments Napoléoniens with the restoration of the tomb of Baronne Reding;
· The Comité Français pour la Sauvegarde de Venise, for the purchase and transport to Venice of a statue of Napoléon. Support for Naopleonic events
The Fondation supported:
· The Ecole Interarmes de Saint-Cyr-Coëtquidan for the organisation and promotion of the "Capitaine Coignet" events;
· The AFEW for the publication of it international conference;
· The Ecole militaire de Saint-Cyr for its show "Saint-Cyr, 200 ans de gloire";
· The exhibition "Belges décorés de la Légion d'Honneur des origines à nos jours";
· The exhibition "Mario Praz", organised by the Bibliothèque Marmottan;
· The exhibition "Napoléon" held at the Musée de l'Imagerie, Epinal;
· An celebration event of the bicentenary of the Légion d'Honneur in the Hauts-de-Seine;
· For the exhibition "Les serments d'amour de Napoléon et autres choses exquises en provenance des bibliothèques de la reine Hortense" held by the Napoleonmuseum, Arennenberg
· For the event "Une soirée à Bois-Préau sous le Second Empire". Publication assistance
In 2002, several works received the support of the Fondation:
· Les Mémoires du Voltigeur Graindor
, published by Xavier Madelin;
· La campagne de 1805
, by Alombert and Colin, reedition by the Librairie historique Tessèdre;
· Les demeures des notabilités du Premier Empire en Ile de France
, by Jean-Pierre Tarin;
· The special volume "Premier Empire" of the Revue des Etudes Normandes
· Le général Vinoy
, by Jean-Pierre Béneytou;
· The special 'Saint-Cyr' edition of La Sabretache
· The Catalogue of the works of Marie-Victoire Jacquotot;
· A project for a cartoon version of the history of Napoleon, by Stéphane Chauvin.
· Louis d'Affry, landammam de la Confédération helvétique
, by Alain-Jacques Tornare.
27/03/2003 : Publication of the Correspondance of Napoleon by the Fondation Napoléon: report
The Committee for the Publication of the Correspondance of Napoleon met on 20 March, 2003
. One year after the launch of the project to publish for the first time the complete correspondance of Napoleon, the publication date for the first two volumes, namely Autumn 2004, is still on target.
Assistance in the tracking, pinpointing, and collecting of letters has been given to us by the French national public archival system as a whole: the Archives de France (French national archive); the Archives du Ministère des Affaires étrangères (the Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs); and the Service Historique de l'Armée de Terre (S.H.A.T., the Historical Service of the French Army). COllectors too have been keen to send us copies of their collections. The team has also performed a search worldwide. All the countries of Europe have been subject to this search, and recently we have obtained more than 900 original letters from Germany, Austria, Spain, Italy, UK, Belgium, Portugal, Lithuania, Russia, Sweden, not to mention Brazil and Japan.
The whole of the letter-gathering part of the project should be finished by January 2004.
Whilst about one hundred volunteers are helping daily with the project, the work of annotating each letter started several months ago. Work groups have been established for the first volumes (1781-1797 for volume one and 1798-1799 volume two), related to the specialisations of those doing the work.
Scholars interested in taking part for the period covered by the volumes (1781-1821) would be welcomed with open arms. Please contact Emilie Barthet
14/03/2003 : THE FONDATION NAPOLEON IN BRAZIL
Every year, the Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation in Sao Paulo (Brazil) organises a major artistic and historical exhibition in collaboration with some of the most important French museums. For 2003, the chosen theme is Napoleon. This is why the organisers turned to the Fondation Napoléon for their exhibition, which will take place from 17 August to 2 November.
On this occasion, about one hundred pieces from the Fondation Napoléon's "Martial Lapeyre" collection will cross the Atlantic, in the company of other prestigious works of art on loan from certain French national museums.
The director of the exhibition is to be Thierry Lentz, Director of the Fondation Napoléon, the deputy director is Karine Huguenaud, curator of the Martial Lapeyre collection, and the professional consultant is Bernard Chevallier, Director of the Musées de Malmaison et Bois-Préau and deputy treasurer of the Fondation Napoléon.
27/02/2003 : The Fondation Napoléon Documentation Centre 2002 Review
Lead by Irène Delage, the Fondation Napoléon's Documentation Centre caters to a broad-ranging public via the library and the web sites.
The review for 2002 is as follows:
- Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre Library: 700 new books added to the collection. There are now pore than 4,000 titles; one thousand work sessions recorded. Furthermore, the library catalogue can now be accessed from this web site.
- the web site napoleon.org
(this one): 1,721,729 sessions in 2002, compared to 1,301,512 for 2001 (in other words an increase of 30 %). The English side of the site had 837,655 sessions, whilst the French side had 884,074. The average session time is about 10 minutes.
- the web site napoleonica.org
: this site aimed principally at researchers had 92,604 session in 2002 (compared with 72,147 in 2001), with an average session time of 29 minutes.
- The Bulletin: on 31 December, 2002, the weekly bulletin had 3,693 readers (compared to 2560 on 31 December, 2001).
16/01/2003 : Partnership between the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène and the Fondation Napoléon: first year results
As part of the three-year partnership agreement between the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène and the Fondation Napoléon, the following restoration has taken place at Longwood House:
1°) Restoration of Napoleon's library to match the descriptions given in the memoires of Ali and by Andrew Darling, decorator at Longwood.
2°) Restoration of the stone wall which extends from the "Pavillon Chinois" (itself restored in 2001 with the support of the Fondation Napoléon). The pavilion and wall were built during Napoléon III's reign by Masselin to replace the turf wall built during the exile.
3°) Restoration of the carved wood in the Salon de l'Empereur and the bathroom, and of the ladder leading to the appartments belonging to the servants and to Marchand.
4°) Re-arrangement of the Emperor's kitches so as to make them open to the public, as of last November.
5°) Beginning of the restoration work on the apartments which belonged to Gourgaud, Montholon, Las Cases, O'Meara and the ordnance officer.
The restoration campaign will continue in 2003.
20/06/2002 : Fondation Napoléon: 2001 report
The trustees of the Fondation Napoléon unanimously approved the report for 2001 which was presented to the board by the Baron de Méneval, general secretary, during the sitting of 18 June, 2002. The principal points of the meeting were as follows:
Actions specific to the Fondation in 2001:
- Grands Prix and Research Grants given by the Fondation Napoléon. These were awarded during a lunch at the Jockey Club, in November 2001. Dominique de Villepin (First Empire), Jean des Cars (Second Empire), Andrzej Nieuwazny (book in a language other than French) and David Grubin (audiovisual) were the Grands Prix winners 2001. Six research grants were also awarded.
- internet site napoleon.org: the site was entirely rebuilt, renovated and visited by 1.4 million readers.
- the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre: the library received more than 700 readers in 2001, with the collection in permanent expansion.
- Biblitohèque Napoléon: this book collection of works on the two empires published its first volumes in 2001.
- Correspondance of Napoleon: in 2001 the Fondation launched its grand project to a bring together, provide a commentary on, and publish the correspondance de Napoleon.
The Fondation continued to pursue an active sponsorship policy, supporting about thirty local and national projects, always with the aim of inspiring better study of, and bringing to a wider audience, the history of the Consulate and the two Empires.
Support of the Association, the Souvenir Napoléonien:
In 2001, just as in previous years, the Fondation Napoléon has provided significant support for the activities of the Association du Souvenir Napoléonien, including: publication of the 'Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien' (entirely funded by the Fondation), support for running costs and extraordinary funding for various events.
Partnerships with major institutions:
In 2001, the Fondation formed partnerships with: the Musée de l'Armée, the Musée Fesch in Ajaccio, the Musée National de Malmaison, the Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène, the Free University of Pultusk (Pologne) and the Archives de France.
The Fondation has supported (and is to support): the conference "Napoleon III, Boulogne and Europe" (Boulogne-sur-Mer); the conference on the coup d'etat of 1851 organised in Dijon; the conference on the Paix d'Amiens (in Amiens); the future conference on the Napoleonic institutions, organised by the University of Rennes, the future conference organised by the Institut Napoléon on the Lycée high schools (for November 2001, to be held at the Bibliothèque Marmottan).
Support for publications:
Books supported by the th Fondation Napoléon in 2001 were as follows: Paris, capitale religieuse du Second Empire, by Jacques-Olivier Boudon (Editions du Cerf); the Guide des Sources en histoire de la Légion d'Honneur, put together by the Musée de la Légion d'Honneur (in press), La Liste Civile de Napoléon III, by Catherine Granger (Editions de l'Ecole des Chartes, in press), Maupas, la mémoire du coup d'Etat de 1851, by Claude Vigoureux (Editions SPM, in press).
19/06/2002 : FAYARD to be the publisher of the new critical edition of the Correspondance of Napoléon
The Fondation Napoléon has chosen Fayard as the publisher for its critical edition of the Correspondance of Napoleon, at present in progress. This important history publisher was selected after a call for tender. The first volume of the complete critical edition will appear in bookshops in the Autumn of 2004. Two to three volumes per year will follow for a period of seven to eight years.
14/06/2002 : Reorganisation of the Fondation Napoléon's collection
As part of its policy to reorganise the Collection Martial Lapeyre, in order to provide better conservation conditions and to centre the inventory more directly upon the Napoleonic periods, the Board of Trustees has authorised the sale by public auction of a first lot of works from the Lapeyre bequest which are 'outside' the Napoleonic periods. Several auctions will take place during the month of June, to be run by the auctioneers Etude Tajan.
The will of Martial Lapeyre provides explicitly for this eventuality. The funds raised by the sale are to be used to the conservation and development of the collection and to the development of the Bibliothèque Martial Lapeyre.
For further information, please write to us, making sure to specify the address to which you like us to reply.
18/04/2002 : A partnership agreement between the Fondation Napoléon and the French Domains of Saint Helena
As part of its mission to preserve Napoleonic heritage, the Fondation Napoléon has signed a partnership agreement for three years with 'les Domaines Français de Sainte-Hélène'.
This agreement was made concerning the restoration, upkeep and conservation of the Domaines, property of the French state, in other words, Longwood House, the 'Domaine de la Tombe', and 'The Briars' pavillion. A local agent has been appointed by the Fondation to follow the various projects.
As part of the agreement, Michel Dancoisne-Martineau, curator of the Domaines, is to organise, in concert with the local agent of the Fondation, a historical research project which will include the production of a website on the French Saint Helena Domaines, the transcription and publication on the Fondation's documentary source site (www.napoleonica.org
) of the Lowe Papers (Hudson Lowe was the governor of Saint Helena during Napoleon's captivity there) and the papers still held in the archives in Jamestown.
After the Correspondance project, another historical and Napoleonic 'adventure' for the Fondation Napoléon.
12/04/2002 : A new standing committee for the Fondation Napoléon
During the meeting of 9 April, 2002, the board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon appointed a new standing committee. As assistance to president Baron Gourgaud, Comte Florian Walewski (direct descendant of Napoleon) was elected Vice-President, whilst Bernard Chevallier has accepted to perform the role of Deputy Teasurer.
Thus the standing commitee now comprises:
- Baron Gourgaud, President
- Comte Florian Walewski, Vice-President
- Baron de Méneval, Secretary
- Olivier Le Fuel, Treasurer
- Bernard Chevallier, Deputy Treasurer.
19/03/2002 : Two new administrators for the Fondation Napoléon
The board of trustees of the Fondation Napoléon is shortly to welcome two new trustees appointed by the Association du Souvenir Napoléonien, namely HH Prince Murat, with a seven-year term, and Doctor Maurice Catinat, to serve for three years.
07/03/2002 : First Meeting of the Napoleon Correspondence committee
The Committee for the publication of the Correspondence of Napoleon met for the time for a plenary session, 7 March, 2002, with the Baron Gourgaud in the chair. He officially launched the project which is to be under the honorary presidency of H.I.H. the Princess Napoléon. The vicepresidents of the Committee are Mme Martine de Boisdeffre, directress of the Archives de Franceand Professeur Jean Tulard, member of the Institut. The secretary of the committee is Thierry Lentz, director of the Fondation Napoléon.
The Committee comprises three commisssions.
The historical commission under the presidency of Professeur Jacques-Olivier Boudon, comprising Mme Marie-Paule Arnauld, directress of the Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Mme Christine Nougaret, in charge of the private archives section of the Archives Nationales, Mlle Monique Constant, deputy directress of the Archives du Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, Jacques Garnier and Lieutenant-colonel Bodinier, members of the Commission Française d'Histoire Militaire, Professeur André Palluel, Jacques Jourquin, Director of the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien, Mme Sylvie Pélissier, General delegate of the Fondation La Poste. Secretary of the commission: Dr Peter Hicks, of the Fondation Napoléon.
The technical and editorial commission (president: Comte Florian Walewski) comprises Mme Pélissier, General delegate of the Fondation La Poste, a representative of a partner publisher (to be chosen at the end of this month), a representative of the Fondation Napoléon's IT partner. Secretary of the commission: Irène Delage, of the Fondation Napoléon.
The Commission d'orientation, president Baron Gourgaud, is made up of members of the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon.
05/02/2002 : A grand project: the Fondation Napoléon is preparing an edition of the complete correspondance of Napoleon I
The Fondation Napoléon has decided to collect and publish the correspondance of Napoleon I and has created (1 February 2002), a Committee for the Publication of the Correspondance of Napoleon I.
Often dreamt of but never realised, this grand project revolves around the collection in one edition of the tens of thousands of letters written or dictated by Napoleon. The Committee will on the one hand compare with the originals the letters already published (about fifty different volumes published at different times) and on the other search out the remaining letters eithers in the great state archives or in the hands of private collectors.
The Committee with be headed by the Baron Gourgaud. He will be joined by vice-president Martine de Boisdeffre, director of the Archives de France, and Professor Jean Tulard, of the Institut. The best historians will be invited to join them. These include at present: Professor Jacques-Olivier Boudon (who is to head the Committee's historical commission), Professor André Palluel-Guillard, Marie Paule Arnauld (director of the Archives Nationales), Christine Nougaret (of the Archives Nationales), Monique Constant (Deputy Director of the archives of the Ministry for foreign Affairs). Jacques Jourquin and Jacques Garnier hve agreed to sit on the Committee, of which the secretary is to be Thierry Lentz, Director of the Fondation Napoléon.
The Fondation La Poste, president Martin Vial, has agreed to be a partner in the project, and his Déléguée générale, Sylvie Pélissier will participate in the work.
A major publisher is soon to join the Committee so that the first volumes of this new General Correspondence of Napoleon I will be soon available to the public.
The Fondation Napoléon is soon to launch an international appeal for help from 'Napoléoniens' the world over in this colossal enterprise of such great interest to the Napoleonic enthusiast.
25/01/2002 : Three 'Bibliothèque Napoléon' books to appear in March
The Bibliothèque Napoléon, a collection books published by the Fondation Napoléon and Nouveau Monde Editions, is to add three titles to its list in March 2002.
In the series "études", professor Luigi Mascilli Migliorini, of the Istituto orientale universitario of Naples, is to publish a French translation and update of his excellent Le mythe du héros. France et Italie après la chute de Napoléon, whilst Professor Jacques-Olivier Boudon, President of the Institut Napoléon, offers his Dictionnaire du Haut Clergé sous le Consulat et l'Empire. Two key works.
In the series "Great Historians", the Bibliothèque Napoléon is to present a sumptuous re-edition of Louis Madelin's Fouché, in two volumes. Advanced orders for this work can be made here on the site.
21/12/2001 : Jacques Jourquin elected to the Fondation Napoléon Grands Prix and Research Grants Jury
When Gérard Hubert made it known to Baron Gourgaud that, after twenty years of service, he wished to stand down from his position on the Grands Prix and Research Grants Jury, the Board of Trustees of the Fondation Napoléon unanimously voted Jacques Jourquin, historian, journalist and chief editor of the Revue du Souvenir Napoléonien, to replace Mr Hubert.
The jury is therefore currently Baron Gourgaud, President, Jean-Claude Lachnitt, Secretary general, Professor Jacques-Olivier Boudon, Prince Gabriel de Broglie, of the Institut, Professor François Crouzet, Jean Favier, of the Institut, Professor Bruno Foucart, Jacques Jourquin, Anne Muratori-Philip, Jean-Marie Rouard, of the Académie française, Professor Jean Tulard, de l'Institut, and Colonel Paul Willing.
20/12/2001 : PhD viva for M. Chaillou, Fondation Napoléon resarch grant winner 1999
On 17 December, 2001, David Chaillou, winner of a Fondation Napoléon Research Grant
1999, defended his thesis entitled "La politique sur scène: Etude historique des oeuvres de circonstances représentées à l'Opéra de Paris de 1810 à 1815" (Politics on stage: Historical study of the oeuvres de circonstances performed at the Opéra de Paris from 1810 - 1815), supervised by Professor Jean Tulard (Paris IV). He received the grade "très honorable avec les félicitations du jury".
Congratulatins to "Dr" Chaillou. His thesis is now avaiable to the public on the shelves of the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre - Fondation Napoléon.
07/12/2001 : The Fondation Napoléon Research Grants 2001
Six research awards
were awarded to promising students working on First or Second Empire subjects. The winners in 2001 were:
Walter Bruyère-Ostells, "Les officiers de la Grande Armée dans les mouvements nationaux et libéraux" (The officers of the Grande Armée in French nationalist and liberal movements), Supervisor: Professeur Jacques-Olivier Boudon, University of Rouen
Jean-François Deloustal, "La Lozère sous l'Empire" (The Lozère during the First Empire), Supervisor: Professeur Jean Tulard, Université de Paris IV
Jean-Marc Lafon, "Guérilla et contre-guérilla en Espagne. 1808-1814" (Guerrilla and Counter-Guerilla in Spain, 1808-1814), Supervisor: Professeur Jules Maurin, University of Montpellier
Elodie Lerner, "Gérard, peintre d'histoire" (Gérard, history Painter), Supervisor: Professeur Bruno Foucart, Université de Paris IV
Jérôme Merceron, "Les fils Jacob, 1796-1847" (The Jacob sons, 1796-1847),
Supervisors: Professeur Bruno Foucart and Bill Pallot, Université de Paris IV
Emmanuelle Papot, "L'Académie Impériale de Médecine sous le Second Empire"
(The Académie Impériale de Médecine during the Second Empire), Supervisor: Professeur Danièle Gourevitch, Université de Paris IV.
07/12/2001 : The Fondation Napoléon History Grands Prix and Research Grants 2001
The Fondation Napoléon History Grands Prix
, offered every year for work done on the history of the First and Second Empires, were this year awarded to:
Grand Prix First Empire
Dominique de Villepin, Les Cent-Jours ou l'esprit de sacrifice
, éditions Perrin
Grand Prix Second Empire
Jean des Cars, Eugénie. La dernière impératrice
, éditions Perrin
Grand Prix for a book written in a language other than French
Andrzej Nieuwazny, My z Napoleonem (Us and Napoleon)
, éditions Wydawnictwo Dolnoslaskie, Poland
Grand Prix for a Napoleonic audiovisual product or work of fiction
David Grubin, Napoleon
, David Grubin Productions-Canal +
07/12/2001 : Pierre-Olivier Douphis, research grant winner's PhD viva
Pierre-Olivier Douphis, winner of a research grant (2000), last week defended his doctoral thesis on the draughtsman Paul Chenavard (1807-1895)
(supervisor Prof. Bruno Foucart, Paris IV - Sorbonne). He was awarded his PhD with the mention "très honorable".
Many congratulations to 'Dr' Douphis. His thesis is now available to the public on the shelves of the Fondation's library, the Bibliothèque M. Lapeyre.