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 Bibliographical details

Art I and Art II
Art III and Art IV
Art V and Art VI
Art VII and Art VIII
Art XIX and Art X
Art XI and Art XII
Art XIII and Art XIV
Art XV and Art XVI
Art XVII and Art XVIII
Art XIX and Art XX
Art XXI and Art XXII
Art XIII and Art XIV
Art XXV and Art XXVI
Art XXIX and Art XXX
Art XXXI and Art XXXII
Art XXXV and Art XXXVI



Whereas his Majesty the Emperor of the French, and their majesties the kings of Bavaria and Wirtemberg ; their electoral highnesses the arch-chancellor and the elector of Baden ; His Imperial Highness the duke of Berg ; and their royal highnesses the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, the princes of Nassau-Weilberg, and Nassau-Usingen, of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, and Hohenzollern-Siegmaringen, Salm-Salm, and Salm-Kyrburg, Isenburg, Birstein, and Liechtenstein; the duke of Ahremberg, and the count of Leyen; being desirous to secure, through proper stipulations, the internal and external peace of southern Germany, which, as experience for a long period and recently has shown, can derive no kind of guarantee from the existing German constitution; have appointed to be their plenipotentiaries to this effect, namely, His Majesty the Emperor of the French, Charles Maurice Talleyrand, duke of Benevento, minister of his foreign affairs; his majesty the king of Bavaria, his minister plenipotentiary, A. Von Otto; his majesty the king of Wirtemberg, his state-minister Witzingerode; the elector arch-chancellor, his ambassador extraordinary, the count of Boust; the elector of Baden, his cabinet minister the baron of Reitzenstein, His Imperial Highness the duke of Berg, baron Von Schele; the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, his ambassador extraordinary, baron Von Pappenheim; the princes of Nassau-Weilberg, and Usingen, baron Von Gagern; the princes of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, and Siegmaringen, major Von Fischer; the prince of Isenburg, Birstein, his privy councillor, M. Von Grentze; the duke of Ahremberg, and the count of Leyen, Mr Durand Saint-André; who have agreed upon the following Articles:

  Art I and Art II

Art I
The states of the contracting princes (enumerated as in the preamble) shall be for ever separated from the Germanic body, and united, by a particular confederation, under the designation of “the confederated states of the Empire”.
Art II
All the laws of the empire, by which they have hitherto been bound, shall be in future null and without force, with the exception of the statutes relative to the debts determined in the recess of the deputation of 1803, and in the paragraph upon the navigation, to be funded upon the shipping tolls, which statutes shall remain in full vigour and execution.

  Art III and Art IV

Each of the contracting princes renounces such of his titles as refer to his connection with the German empire, and they will, on the first of August, declare their entire separation from it.
Art IV
The elector arch-chancellor shall take the title of prince-primate and most eminent highness (given in French, altesse éminentissime) which title shall convey no prerogative derogatory to the entire sovereignty which every one of the contracting princes shall enjoy.

  Art V and Art VI

Art V
The elector of Baden, the duke of Berg, and the landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt shall take the title of grand dukes, and enjoy the rights, honours and prerogatives belonging to the kingly dignity. Their rank and precedence shall be in the same order as they are mentioned in Art I. The chief of the Houses of Nassau shall take the title of duke, and the count of Leyen that of prince.
Art VI
The affairs of the confederation shall be discussed in a congress of the union (Diéte) whose place of sitting shall be in Frankfort, and the congress shall be divided into two colleges, the kings and the princes.

  Art VII and Art VIII

The members of the league must be independent of every foreign power. They cannot, in wise, enter into any other service, but that of the states of the confederation and its allies. Those who have been hitherto in the service of a foreign power, and chuse to adhere to it, shall abdicate their principality in favour of one of their children.
Should any of the said princes be disposed to alienate the whole or any part of his sovereignty, he can only do it in favour of the confederates.

  Art XIX and Art X

Art IX
All disputes which may arise among the members of the league shall be settled in the assembly at Frankfort.
Art X
In this the prince-primate shall preside, and when it shall happen that the two colleges have to deliberate upon any subject, he shall then preside in the college of kings, and the duke of Nassau in that of the princes.

  Art XI and Art XII

Art XI
 The time when the congress of the league, or either of the colleges, shall have particularly to assemble, the manner of the convocation, the subjects on which they may have to deliberate, the manner of forming their conclusions, and putting them in execution, shall be determined in a fundamental statute, which the prince-primate shall give in proposition, within a month after the notifications presented at Ratisbon.
This statute shall be approved of by the confederated states; this statute shall also regulate the respective rank of the members of the college of princes.
The Emperor shall be proclaimed Protector of the Confederation. On the demise of the prince-primate he shall, in such quality, as often name the successor.

  Art XIII and Art XIV

His majesty the king of Bavaria cedes to the king of Wirtemberg the lordship of Wisensteig, and renounces the rights which he might have upon Weiblingen, on account of Burgau.
His majesty the king of Wirtemberg makes over to the grand duke of Berg the county of Bonndorff, Breunlingen, and Villingen, the part of the territory of the latter city, which lies upon the right bank of the Brigoetz, the city of Tuttlingen, with the manor of the same name belonging to it, on the right bank of the Danube.

  Art XV and Art XVI

Art XV
The grand duke of Baden cedes to the king of Wirtemberg the city and territory of Biebrach, with their dependencies.
The duke of Nassau cedes to the grand duke of Berg the city of Deutz and its territory.

  Art XVII and Art XVIII

His majesty the king of Bavaria shall unite to his states the city and territory of Nuremberg, and the Teutonic comitials of Rohr and Wahlstetten.
His majesty the king of Wirtemberg, shall receive the lordship of Wiesensteig, the city and territory of Bleberach, with their dependencies, the cities of Waldsee and Schettingen, the comitial lands of Karpfenburg, Laucheim and Alschausen, with the exception of the lordship of Hohenfeld and the abbey of Weiblingen.

  Art XIX and Art XX

The grand duke of Baden shall receive the lordship of Bonndorff, the cities of Kreulingen, Villingen and Tuttlingen, the parts of their territory which are given to him in the Art XIV and along with these are the comitials of Bolken and Freyburg.
Art XX
The grand duke of Berg shall receive the city and territory of Deutz, the city and manor of Koeningswinter and the manor of Wistich, as ceded by the duke of Nassau.

  Art XXI and Art XXII

The grand duke of Darmstadt shall unite to his states the burgraviat of Friedberg, taking to himself the sovereignty only during the lifetime of the present possessor, and the whole at his death.
The prince-primate shall take possession of the city of Frankfort on the Maine and its territory, as his sovereign property.

  Art XIII and Art XIV

The prince of Hohenzollern-Siegmaringen shall receive as his sovereign property the lordships of Aschberg and Hohensels depending on the comitial of Aschaufen, the convents of Klosterwald and Haltzthal, and the sovereignty over the imperial equestrian estates that lie in his dominions, and in the territory to the north of the Danube, wherever his sovereignty extends, namely, the lordships of Gamerdingen and Hottingen.
The members of the Confederation shall exercise all the rights of sovereignty henceforward as follows
– His Majesty the king of Bavaria, over the principality of Schwartzenberg, the county of Cartell, the lordships of Speinfeld and Wiesenheid, the dependencies of the principality of Hohenlohe, which are included in the margraviate of Anspach, and the territory of Rothanburg, namely, the great manors of Schillingsfurst and Kirchberg, the county of Sternstein, the principality of Oettingen, the possessions of the prince of La Tour to the north of the principality of Neuberg, the county of Edelstetten, the possessions of the prince and of the count of Fugger, the burgraviat of Winterreiden; lastly the lordships of Buxheim and Tannhausen, and over the entire of the highway from Memmingen to Lindau.
– His majesty the king of Wirtemberg, over the possessions of the prince and count of Truchess Waldeburg, the counties of Baindt, Egloff Guttenzell, Hechbach, Ysuy, Koenigseck, Aulendorff, Ochsenhausen, Roth, Schussenreid and Wiessenau, the lordships of Mietingen and Sumingen, New Ravensburg Thannheim, WArthausen and WeingArten, with the exception of the lordship of Hagenau; the possessions of the prince of Thurn, with the exception of those not mentioned above; the lordship of Strassberg and manor of Oztraitz, the lordship of Gundelsingen which his majesty does not possess, all the unalienated possessions of the princess of Hohenlohe, and over a part of the manor formerly belonging to Mentz, Krautheim on the left bank of the Jaxt.
– The grand duke of Baden over the principality of Feurstenburg, (with the exception of the lordships of Gundelsingen and Neussen); also over Trochtelfingen, Jungenau, and the part of the manor of Moeskirch, which lies on the left bank of the Danube, over the lordship of Hagenau, county of Thuingen, landgraviate Klottgau, manors Neidenau and Billigheim, principality of Liningen, the possessions of Lowenstein Wertheim, upon the left bank of the Maine (with the exception of the county of Lowenstein,) and the lordships of Aaibach, Brennherg, and Habitzheim; and lastly over the possessions of the princes of Salm-Reiferscheid-Krautheim, to the north of the Jaxt.
– The grand duke of Berg, over the lordships of Limburg Styrum, Brugg, Hardenberg, Gimborn, and Neustadt, Wildenberg; the counties of Homburg, Bentheim, Steinfort, and Horstman, the possessions of the duke of Looz, the counties of Siegen, Dillenburg (the manors of Werheim and Burgoch excepted,) over Stadamar, the lordships Westerburg, Schadeck, and Beilstein, and the property so called, part of Runkelt on the right bank of the Lahn. In order to establish a communication between Cleves and the above named possessions, the grand duke shall have a free passage through the states of the prince of Salm.
– His highness the grand duke of Darmstadt, over the lordships of Brenburg, Haibach, the manor of Habizheim, county of Erbach, lordship of Illenstadt, a part of the county of Konigsheim, which is possessed by the prince of Stolberb Gederu; over the possessions of the baron of Redesel, that are included in, or contiguous to, his states, namely, the jurisdictions of Lauserhach, Stockhausen, Mort, and Truenstern, the possessions of the princes and counts of Solms, in Wetterau, exclusive of the manors of Hohen-Salms, Braunsels, and Greifenstein; lastly, the counties Wittgenstein and Berleburg, and the manor of Hessen-Homburg, which is in the possession of the line of that name.
– His most serene eminence (Durchlauchtige eminez) the prince-primate, over the possessions of the princes and counts of Lowenstein-Wertheim, on the right bank of the Maine, and over the county of Rheineck.
– Nassau Usingen and Nassau Weilberg, over the manors of Diersdorf, Altenweid, Niersburg, and the part of the county of Bassenburg, which belongs to the prince of Wied Runkel, over the counties of Nouweid and Holzapsel, the lordship of Schomburg, the county of Diez and its dependencies, over that part of the village of Metzfelden, which appertains to the prince of Nassau-Fulda, the manors of Werhem and Balbach, that part of the lordship of Runkel, situate on the left bank of the Dalur, over the equestrian possessions of Solms Braunfels, Hohen Solms, and Greifenstein.
– The prince of Hohenzollern-Siegmaringen over Trochtelfingen, Jungenau, Strassberg, manor Ostrach, and the part of the lordship of Moeskirch which lays on the left bank of the Danube.
– Salm-Kyrburg over the lordship of Genmen
– Isenburg-Berstein, over the possessions of the count of Isenburgh Budingen, Wechtersbatch, and Mohrlotz, without any pretensions on the part of the branch in present possession being urged against him.
– Ahremberg over the county of Dulmen.

  Art XXV and Art XXVI

The members of the confederation shall take the sovereignty of the imperial equestrian estates included within their boundaries. Such of these lands as lie between the states of two of the confederates, shall be with respect to the sovereignty partitioned as exactly as possible between them, that no misunderstanding with respect to the sovereignty may arise.
The rights of sovereignty consist in exercising the legislation, superior jurisdiction, administration of justice, military conscription, or recruiting, and levying taxes.

  Art XXVII and Art XXVIII

The present reigning princes or counts shall enjoy, as patrimonial or private property, all the domains that they at present occupy, as well as all the rights of manor and entail that do not essentially appertain to the sovereignty, viz. right of superior and inferior administration of justice in common and criminal cases, tenths, patronage, and other rights, with the revenues, therefrom accruing. Their domains and chattels, as far as relates to the taxes, shall be annexed to the prince of that house under whose sovereignty they come, or if no prince of the house be in possession of immovable property, in that case they shall be put upon an equality with the domains of princes of the most privileged class. These domains cannot be sold or given to any prince out of the Confederation, without being first offered to the prince under whose sovereignty they are placed.
In penal cases, the now reigning princes and counts, and their heirs, shall preserve their present privileges of trial. They shall be tried by their peers. Their fortune shall not in any event be confiscated, but the revenues may, during the lifetime of the criminal, be sequestrated.

  Art XXIX and Art XXX

The confederate states shall contribute to the payment of the debts of their circle, as well as for their old as for their new possessions. The debts of the circle of Suabia shall be put to the account of the kings of Bavaria and Wirtemberg, the grand duke of Baden, the princes of Hohenzollern, Hechingen, and Siegmaringen, the prince of Lichtenstein, and prince of Leyen, in proportion to their relative possessions in Suabia.
The proper debts of a prince or count who falls under the sovereignty of another state shall be defrayed by the said state, conjointly with the now reigning prince, in the proportion of the revenues which that state shall acquire, and of the part which by the present treaty is allotted to attach to the attributes of the present sovereigns.

  Art XXXI and Art XXXII

The present reigning princes or counts may determine the place of their residence where they will. Where they reside in the dominions of a member or ally of the Confederation, or in any of the possessions which they hold out of the territory of the Confederation, they may draw their rents or capitals without paying any tax whatever upon them.
Those persons who hold places in the administration of the countries which hereby come under the sovereignty of the confederates, and who shall not be retained by the new sovereign, shall receive a pension according to the situation they have held.

  Art XXXIII and Art XXXIV

The members of military or religious orders who shall lose their incomes, or whose common property shall be secularised, shall receive during life a yearly stipend proportional to their former income, their dignity and their age, and which shall be secured upon the goods of the revenue of which they were in the enjoyment.
The confederates renounce reciprocally, for themselves and for their posterity, all claims which they might have upon the possessions of other members of the Confederation, the eventual right of succession alone excepted, and this only in the event of the family having died out, which now is in possession of the territories, and objects to which such a claim might be advanced.

  Art XXXV and Art XXXVI

Between the Emperor of the French and the confederated states, federatively and individually, there shall be an alliance, by virtue of which every continental war in which one or either parties may be engaged shall be common to all.
In the event of any foreign or neighbouring power making preparations for war, the contracting parties, in order to prevent surprise, shall, upon the requisition of the minister of one of them at the assembly of the league in Frankfort, arm also. And as the contingent of the allies is divided into four parts, the assembly shall decide how many of those shall be called into activity. The armament, however, shall only take place upon the invitation of the Emperor to each of the contracting parties.

  Art XXXVII to XL

His majesty the king of Bavaria binds himself to fortify Augsburg and Lindau; in the first of these places to form and maintain Artillery establishments, and in the second, to keep a quantity of muskets and ammunition sufficient for a reserve, as well as a baking establishment at Augsburg, sufficient to supply the armies without stop in the event of war.
The contingent of each is established as follows:
France  200 000
Bavaria   30 000
Wirtemberg   12 000
Baden      3 000
Berg      5 000
Darmstadt     4 000
Nassau, Hohenzollern and others 4 000
Total: 258 000
The contracting parties will admit of the accession of other German princes and states, in all cases where their union with the Confederation may be found consistent with the general interest.
Art XL
The ratification of the present treaty shall be exchanged between the contracting parties, on the 25th of July, at Munich.

Transcribed. Paul-Napoléon Calland, ed. Peter Hicks, June 2006


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 Bibliographical details


Annual register 1806, London, W. Otbridge and Sons, 1806.




 The original document is available for consultation at the Bibliothèque Saint-Geneviève, next to the Panthéon, Paris. Reference: 8 AEJ 209 FA, 1806, pp.818-824 (State Papers)
Due to the fragile condition of the manuscript, photocopying is not permitted. Notes may be taken, but graphite pencils only, please.



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