TYSON STROUD Patricia
1) Quoted in Claude François, Baron de Méneval, Memoirs Illustrating the History of Napoleon I from 1802 to 1815, ed. Napoleon Joseph, Baron de Méneval, and trans. Robert H. Sherard (New York, 1894), vol. 3, p. 304.
2) Edward Biddle, "Joseph Bonaparte as recorded in the Private Journal of Nicholas Biddle", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 55, no. 14 (1931), p. 208.
3) Ibid., p. 219.
4) Mémoires de Stanislas de Girardin (Paris, 1858), vol. 2, p. 211, quoted in Le roi Joseph Bonaparte: Lettres d'exil inédites (Amérique-Angleterre-Italie) (1825-1844), ed. Hector Fleischmann (Librairie Charpentier et Fasquelle, Paris, 1912), p. 8.
5) William Chapman White, Adirondack Country, ed. Erskine Cadwell (Duell, Sloan and Pearce, New York, 1954), p. 186.
6) Georges Bertin, Joseph Bonaparte en Amérique (Paris, 1893), p. 114.
7) Quoted ibid., p.108.
8) Patricia Tyson Stroud, The Emperor of Nature: Charles-Lucien Bonaparte and Hid World (University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2000), p. 36.
9) Bertin, Joseph Bonaparte, p. 87.
11) Reuben Haines to Ann Haines, added to a letter from Jane Haines to Charles Lucien Bonaparte, Germantown, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1825 (Wyck Association Collection, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia).
12) Central Jersey Monthly, vol. 4 (March 1982), p. 26.
13) Bertin, Joseph Bonaparte, pp. 88-89.
14) Laura Capon et al., Il Museo napoleonico: Itinerario (Fratelli Palombi, Rome, 1986), p. 26.
15) "A Sketch of Joseph Buonaparte", Godey's Lady's Book, April 1845, p. 187.
16) Quoted in Bertin, Joseph Bonaparte, pp. 95-96.
17) James D. Magee, Bordentown, 1682-1932; An Illustrated Story of a Colonial Town (Bordentown Register, Bordentown, New Jersey, 1932), p. 78.
18) Wendy A. Cooper, Classical Taste in America, 1800-1840 (Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, and Abbeville Press, New York, 1993), p. 71.
19) Bertin, Joseph Bonaparte, pp. 94-95.
20) "A sketch of Joseph Bonaparte", p. 187.
21) Information on these auctions is by courtesy of David Scrase, curator of paintings, drawings, and prints at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England.
22) Joseph Bonaparte, Point Breeze, to [Joseph Hopkinson?], May 18, 1820 (Manuscript collection, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia).
23) Olivier W. Larkin, Art and Life in America (Rinehart, New York, 1949), p. 114.
24) The identity of the sitters in this portrait is the discovery of Francis James Dallet, former director of the Athenaeum of Philadelphia and former archivist of the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. In corresponding with a descendant of Caroline Charlotte, he was sent a photograph of a copy of the Bass Otis portrait, which he recognized at once as a painting at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Up to then it had been known as Portrait of a Lady with Her Two Children. He has kindly passed on this information to me.
25) See n. 11.
26) E.M. Woodward, Bonaparte's Park and the Murats (Trenton, New Jersey, 1879), p. 70.
28) John F. Watson, "Trip to Pennsbury & to Count Survilliers, 1826" (Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Winterthur Library, Winterthur, Delaware).
29) Cooper, Classical Taste in America, p. 68
30) The Annual Exhibition Record of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1807-1870, ed. Peter Hastings Falk (Sound View Press, Madison, Connecticut, 1988), vol. 1, p. 123.
31) Catalogue of Rare, Original Paintings, by the most renowned masters,… belonging to the Estate of the late Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, Ex-King of Spain, to be sold at his late residence, near Bordentown, by Antony J. Bleecker, Auctioneer, on Friday, June 25, 1847 at one o'clock P.M. [New York, 1847].
32) New Jersey: A Guide to Its Present and Past (Hastings House, New York, 1946), p. 212.