An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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Dossier thématiques : A close-up on: the Mexican campaign, 1862-1867
Articles : A new Napoleonic campaign for Montereau
Timelines : The Mexican Campaign, 1862-1867


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A timeline, an article or two, some biographies, a few images, and a bibliography, in short a close-up on a topic related to the First and Second French Empires. You can search for other close-ups either by keyword or by theme.

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A close-up on: the Treaty of Vienna, 14 October, 1809



Following the armistice declared at Znaïm in July, 1809, the Treaty of Vienna (also known as the Treaty of Schönbrunn) formally brought to a close the Franco-Austrian war of 1809, and with it the War of the Fifth Coalition. Signed on 14 October, 1809, and ratified by Napoleon the following day, the treaty finally saw an end to months of discussions and Austrian feet-dragging. Austria formally ceded huge swathes of territory, including Salzburg, the upper valley of the Inn, Trieste, Carniola and Croatia. Included in the secret articles of the treaty was the provision that the Austrian army could not exceed 50,000 men until peace with Britain had been signed, whilst Vienna's fortifications were also to be destroyed. The treaty saw Russia, the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Duchy of Warsaw all benefit, and resulted in the creation of the Illyrian Provinces, the short-lived autonomous province on the Adriatic coast which was governed as part of the French Empire.



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