An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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Timelines : The Mexican Campaign, 1862-1867
In pictures : The crossing of the bridge at Arcole - Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile
Bibliographies : The Mexican campaign, 1862-1867


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A timeline, an article or two, some biographies, a few images, and a bibliography, in short a close-up on a topic related to the First and Second French Empires. You can search for other close-ups either by keyword or by theme.

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A close-up on: the great British and French universal exhibitions during the Second Empire


The Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855 (c) DR

The Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855 (c) DR

Starting in the 1850s, the industrialised countries abandoned their trade barriers and made their national exhibitions «universal». The idea was to mount an exhibition in a capital city the savoir-faire of the world's rapidly expanding industries. London started with the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace in 1851. This was followed shortly by Paris in 1855. Two further exhibitions were held in both capitals, London in 1862 and Paris again in 1867.
P.H. April 2010



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