An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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Napoleon I's nécessaire dentaire

Artist: BIENNAIS Martin-Guillaume (attributed to)

Date: Pre-1815

Technique: Amboyna, mahogany, gold, steel

Dimensions : H. 4 cm; W. 19 cm; D. 13.5 cm

Place:Paris, Fondation Napoléon

Credits: © Fondation Napoléon


Napoleon I's nécessaire dentaire, although not signed, is attributed to Martin-Guillaume Biennais, who is known to have produced similar sets. Napoleon was unusual for his time in that he was extremely concerned with his own personal hygiene, and in particular his oral health.


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