An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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Dossier thématiques : A close-up on: the Mexican campaign, 1862-1867
In pictures : The crossing of the bridge at Arcole - Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile
Timelines : The Mexican Campaign, 1862-1867


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MOLITOR, Gabriel-Jean-Joseph

Gabriel-Jean-Joseph Molitor was born in 1770 and served as a volunteer in the Moselle in 1791. He went on to serve in the Armée de Rhin-et-Moselle between 1795 and 1797. By 1799, he was a général de brigade and by 1800, had become a général de division. He saw action in Italy in August 1805 and occupied Dalmatia in January 1806. He was made governor of Swedish Pomerania in 1807 and became a Comte de l'Empire in 1808. Participating in the Austrian campaign of 1809, he captured the Lobau and was distinguished at Wagram. He was later made governor of the Hanseatic cities in 1810 and commanded the military division in Amsterdam. He was forced to evacuate Holland in 1813. He was made a Peer of France during the Cent-Jours, and although initially sidelined during the Second Restoration, he participated in the Spanish Civil War in 1823. During this time he was victorious at Malaga and Cartagena and was made Maréchal on 9 November, 1823. 
Source: Dictionnaire Napoléon (tr. & ed., with permission, H.D.W.)


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