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Bulletin - Bulletin  
Two years ago, we launched Napoleonica. La Revue, an online academic review dedicated entirely to the Napoleonic periods. In the beginning, the service was subscription-based, offering articles and access for a small fee. Six issues were published featuring contributions from both seasoned specialists and upcoming historians.

Both the president of the Fondation Napoléon and the board of trustees have decided that, taking into account the quality of the articles featured in the review, it shall be, from now on, freely accessible in order to make the texts available to as many readers as possible. Such is the case for number seven which is released today.

This service revision is also retroactive as well, with all six previous issues available in exactly the same manner. I am sure that you will appreciate their variety and quality. This is just another example of the Fondation Napoléon fulfilling one of its primary missions: the development of Napoleonic history in all its forms.

So, in more ways than one, happy reading, and the very best "Napoleonic" week to you all.

Thierry Lentz
Director, Fondation Napoléon

Now free on

After two very encouraging years and with more than one thousand pages of Napoleonic history published, Napoleonica. La Revue has undergone a metamorphosis which we believe will build on its early successes, make it far more easily accessible and encourage research in the two empires by giving our authors, both established and emerging, greater exposure for their work. Dedicated to research and designed specifically with articles of substance - not a euphemism for boring, by the way - in mind, Napoleonica. La Revue will be from now on entirely free and accessible through the website With support from the Centre national du Livre, this portal hosts more than 240 humanities reviews, the majority of which are subscription-based, and is widely used in many libraries and universities across France. We plumped for the free option! The website offers the user a great number of features, including notification alerts for newly-published content, recently read articles, bibliography tools, and author alerts. Moreover, the site's elegant and sophisticated engine makes reading articles fluid and downloading PDF files easy. now has all seven issues of Napoleonica. La Revue for your delectation, completely free of charge!

Latest issue: "Experience" of music in France during the Napoleonic period
The first special themed edition of Napoleonica. La Revue, issue n° 7 features texts originally from the second Fondation Napoléon study day which took place on 24 March, 2009, at the Bibliothèque Paul Marmottan in partnership with Connaissances des Arts and Radio Classique. This issue offers an historical survey of music from this key period, taking in public concerts, music for the salon, opera and church music.

- Laure Schnapper, "Chanter la romance"
- Peter Hicks, "'The piece militaire et historique' in the Napoleonic period: recounting a musical story"
- Hervé Audéon, "Le concert en France sous le Ier Empire. Aspects législatifs et formels"
- Yves Bruley, "La musique d'église"
- Bernard Chevallier, "Les salons musicaux sous l'Empire"
- Jean Mongrédien, "Le Théâtre-Italien de Paris sous le Consulat et l'Empire"
- David Chaillou, "A la gloire de l'Empereur : l'Opéra de Paris sous Napoléon Ier."

Beer tankard decorated with Napoleonic scenes

After the death of Napoleon III, the empress Eugénie and the Prince Imperial spent their summers at the Château d'Arenenberg, on the banks of Lake Constance. In 1878, before arriving in Switzerland, Eugenie and her son spent time travelling around Europe, during which time the Prince Imperial was received at the court of King Oscar II, grandson of Maréchal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte. It was during this stay that the king presented the Prince Imperial with this beer tankard, which the latter took with him to Switzerland. It is today held in the Napoleonmuseum Thurgau's collections.

Interview with Daniel Delattre and the story of Bonaparte and the Herculaneum scrolls
In 1802, King Ferdinand IV of Naples, in a diplomatic move, offered as a gift to First Consul Bonaparte six scrolls of ancient papyrus found during digs at Herculaneum. Eager to discover the contents of these artefacts - some of the most impressive examples discovered at the time -, Bonaparte handed them over to the Institut de France. But this was not to be the end of these scrolls' story, as François Houdecek and Chantal Lheureux-Prévot found out in their interview with Daniel Delattre, specialist in Greek papyrology. 

"Invaders!" at the Royal Armouries Museum, Fort Nelson, UK

On 30 May, between 10am and 5pm, meet the invaders who tried to conquer Britain through the ages. A day of demonstrations and re-enactments, culminating in a spectacular Napoleonic battle as Redcoats and Greenjackets try to stop the French from running the tricolour up Fort Nelson's flagpole!

Fondation Napoléon/Souvenir Napoléonien "1810" conference: registration deadline extended
The window for registration for the Fondation Napoléon/Souvenir Napoléonien "1810" conference which takes place at La Courneuve from 8 - 9 June, 2010, has been extended. Those still intending to attend should contact the Fondation Napoléon post-haste as we are down to the last few available places.
A funeral service in honour of Maréchal Lannes and Général Saint-Hilaire
The remains of Maréchal Lannes and of General Saint-Hilaire, both of whom died from wounds received at the Battle of Aspern-Essling (21-22 May, 1809), were transferred to the cathedral in Strasbourg on 22 May, 1810, having lain in the city's Hôtel de Ville since the previous summer.

"Today the remains of Maréchal Lannes, Duc de Montebello, and of General Saint-Hilaire, which have lain since the end of last summer in the vaults of our municipal building, were transported in a ceremony of great pomp and majesty from the town hall to the cathedral. Every public servant and officer was present to accompany the two generals, the loss of whom is greatly felt. Troop detachments escorted the procession, which was preceded by the clergy in its entirety, the bishop at its head, dressed in their sacerdotal garb. The coffins were born on two magnificent funeral carriages sent from Paris. A solemn service is at this moment being held in the richly decorated cathedral. Immediately after the service, the transfer [of the remains] to Paris will take place." [Moniteur Universel, 27 May, 1810]

Both Maréchal Lannes and General Saint-Hilaire are interred in the Pantheon, in Paris.

For more information on the battle and Napoleon's Austrian campaign of 1809, take a look at our
close-up on: the Battle of Aspern-Essling, which features articles on the battle and the story of Maréchal Lannes' famous last words, as well as biographies and maps. 

The Notre Dame de Paris choir is restored
The Moniteur Universel from 22 May, 1860, reported on the completion of Notre Dame de Paris' choir restoration project. In 1792, the cathedral, and in particular the choir, was stripped of the majority of its decorative elements. "All the bronze ornaments were sent to the Mint [and] the statues taken to the Musée des Petits Augustins. The marble statues are bare and covered in holes." In 1802, the monument was rededicated to the Roman Catholic faith and just prior to the coronation in 1804, repairs were made "where possible".

In 1844, Louis-Philippe began the restoration project, and ordered the construction of a sacristy. Two architects, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and Jean-Baptiste Lassus, were charged with overseeing the project but Lassus' death in 1857 left Viollet-le-Duc to direct the works alone.
Not only were the pillars bases restored, but those involved even succeeded in "redoing the broken capitals and the arches above." The article continued: "The choir in Notre Dame will no longer be deprived of the most remarkable decorations that adorned the building at the beginning of the last century. The Coustou statues [Descent from the Cross], the statues of the kings, the bronze angels, the mosaic paving and the beautiful sculpted wood pews will all return to the rightful place. [...] A new principal altar, with a table of white marble of more than four metres in length and simple sculpted steps in gold, will be erected over the mosaic paving."

For more details about the Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, why not take a look at our places, museums and monuments page on
Wishing you an excellent "Napoleonic" week,
Peter Hicks & Hamish Davey Wright
Historians and web-editors

THE NAPOLEON.ORG BULLETIN, N° 543, 21 - 27 May, 2010
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Statistic of the week:
In 1802, during diplomatic negotiations between the Kingdom of Naples and the Two Sicilies and the French Republic, King Ferdinand IV "gave" to First Consul Bonaparte six scrolls of papyrus discovered at Herculaneum.

See our interview with Daniel Delattre for more on the topic.


Just published
- The Battle of the Berezina: Napoleon's Great Escape by Alexander Mikaberidze with review by independent scholar Thomas Zakharis

Press review
- Napoleon Bonaparte: Japanese rice art
- First Empire n° 112 May/June 2010
- BBC Radio 4: "Democracy on Trial"

On now and coming up

A selection of events taking place now or in the coming weeks, taken from our What's on listings.
- Fondation Napoléon/Souvenir Napoléonien "1810" conference, La Courneuve, France [08/06/2010 - 09/06/2010]
Full details 
- "Institut Napoléon: Les Provinces illyriennes dans l'Europe napoléonienne", Paris, France [20/05/2010 - 21/05/2010]
Full details 
- Bicentenary concerts commemorating the marriage between Napoleon and Marie-Louise, Paris, France [08/06/2010 - 10/06/2010]
Full details  
- "Invaders!" at the Royal Armouries Museum, Fareham, UK [30/05/2010]
Full details


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Painting of the month
Objet d'Art of the month
- Article of the month 

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