An international scholarly online history journal on First and Second Empire subjects: articles, bibliographies, book reviews, in english and in french

Delve deeper into Napoleonic history here in our section on the history of the two empires. Alongside a section for those just starting, there are many articles, images with commentary, close-ups and special dossiers for the serious Napoleonic enthusiast.

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In pictures : The crossing of the bridge at Arcole - Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile
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Dossier thématiques : A close-up on: the Mexican campaign, 1862-1867


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The Roi de Rome and the helmet of Mars

Artist: ISABEY Jean-Baptiste (1767-1855)

Date: 1811

Technique: Watercolour

Dimensions : H. 21.5 cm; W. 26.5 cm

Place:Rueil-Malmaison, musée national des châteaux de Malmaison et Bois-Préau.

Subjects: Imperial family, Roi de Rome

Credits: © RMN


This watercolour depicts the heir to the imperial throne (born on 20 March, 1811) in his cradle, his head resting in the helmet of Mars, the Roman god of war. Napoleon took this painting to St Helena. It returned to Malmaison with Comte Marchand, the grandson of Napoleon's principal man servant.
Find out more about Napoleon's heir in our close-up on: the birth of the Roi de Rome.


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