It is the Fondation Napoléon‘s mission to encourage and support the study of, and interest in, the history of the two Napoleonic Empires. To this end, the institution has developed several websites and other services for both the general public and for specialists, of which this website,, is one.


Editorial Conception
Fondation Napoléon : Thierry Lentz (director), Irène Delage, Peter Hicks, Marie de Bruchard, Rebecca Young.
Website design and production, project management
RCA Factory

Conditions of use

Except for explicit notice to the contrary, all text and image documents are the property of the Fondation Napoléon.The Fondation Napoléon is very grateful to the institutional and private partners which have given their permission to use text and image documents on the present site. All documents, written, image and audio-visual belonging to the Fondation Napoléon or any of its partners are protected and may not be used or reproduced other than for private use without express permission and subject to certain conditions.
The Fondation Napoléon’s photographic holdings are managed by the agency Photo 12.
The Fondation is committed to the policy of the ‘fair use’ of images.

Inter-site links

The Fondation Napoléon cannot be held responsible for the content of sites acessible from
If you wish to make a link to the site, please inform the Fondation Napoléon in advance. The Fondation Napoléon reserves the right to refuse such permission.

Legal notice

In March 2014, the website received an ISSN number from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France:

Title :
ISSN : 2272-1800

The website has been declared to the National Commission on Informatics and Liberty (CNIL) (declaration no. 752054) relating to automated processing of information implemented within websites, under Articles 15 and 16 of French law 78-17 of 6 January 1978 relating to computers, digital files and freedom of information.

Cookie policy

Users of are informed that this site uses cookies.  By using this website and agreeing to this policy, you consent to’s use of cookies in accordance with the terms of this policy. uses cookies for the following purposes, namely:
to be able to provide users with a tailor-made service (such as the automatic display of the English or French side of the site);

to compile anonymous frequentation statistics. uses Google Analytics, a website analysis service provided by Google Inc. («Google») to analyse the use of this website.  Google Analytics generates statistical via the cookies relative to your use of the site (including your IP address). Google may communicate this data if legally obliged to do so or when third parties interpret this data on Google’s behalf, including the editor of Google does interpret data by considering the IP address and any other data held by Google.

Most browsers allow you to refuse the use of cookies. This disactivation however could affect the use of certain parts of this site.

Sharing on social media allows the automatic sharing of content on the site via social media, via the Twitter and Facebook “Share it” buttons. These site may use cookies during navigation on
We recommend that you read carefully the privacy protection policies of these two web applications.

Signing up for the newsletter

When a user signs up for the newsletter, information regarding that user’s use of the site is stored and analysed.

Users have the right to access, modify, rectify and delete data relative to them (article 38 and following of the French law » Informatique et Libertés « ).
To exercise that right, please contact Fondation Napoléon, 7 rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 75005 Paris.


For further information, please contact (either by email, post, telephone or fax) :

Fondation Napoléon
7 rue Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
75005 Paris
Tél. : +33 (0)1 56 43 46 00

updated 18 November 2016