'C'est un sournois, un méchant homme, dangereux, et qui est lié à nos ennemis', Napoleon, 1806 (reported in Lecestre, Lettres inédites)
'Très brave, il eut été un excellent maréchal de France; il avait reçu de la nature toutes les qualités nécessaire pour être un excellent général...', Napoleon on Saint Helena to Montholon, 1819.
Born Besançon,22 February, 1758, son of an officer, died Béfort, 22 October, 1815. Expelled from school for refusing to take his punishment Volunteer fusilier in the Régiment d'Aquitaine (which became the 35e d'infanterie in 1791), 3, May, 1777 Served at the siege of Gibraltar, the siege of Mahon and the taking of Minorca Caporal in 1780 Capitaine commandant of the Garde nationale de Ruffey (Jura), August 1789 Délégue for the Jura at the Fête de la Féderation, July, 1790 Captain of the 8e compagnie of the 7e bataillon of Volontaire du Jura, 7 August, 1791 Lieutenant-colonel in the 2e in the same bataillon, 24 November, 1791 With his brothers he joined the Armée du Rhin Took part in the occupation of Porentruy, 28 April, 1792 Served under Custine in the Expedition to Mainz, October, 1792 Joined the Division Nevinger at Hochheim, 6 January, 1793 Passed over to the Armée du Nord, August 1793 Served at the taking of Herzeele (6 September) and Hondeschoote (8 September) Wounded in the leg by cannon ball at Bisseghem, 15 September, 1793 Distinguished himself at Wattignies, 16 October, 1793 Denounced by 4 of his officers and accused of 'modérantisme', 6 December, 1793 Arrested by order of Représentant Duquesnoy, 7 December, 1793 Imprisoned first at Amiens, 8 December, 1793, then at Arras, and finally at Nantes, 21 February, 1794 Acquitted unanimously by the Tribunal révolutionaire in Nantes, 13 April, 1794 Reinstated in his regiment at Amiens Appointed to the Armée de la Moselle, 10 May, 1794 Chef de brigade, 20 May, 1794 Provisional Général de brigade, division Mayer, in the Armée de l'Ardennes, 12 June, 1794 Commanded the 2e brigade, same division, under Marceau on the right wing at Fleurus, 26 June, 1794 Joined the Armée de Sambre-et-Meuse, 2 July, 1794 Victor at Beaulieu à Sombreffe, 7 July, 1794 Served at the taking of Namur, the Battle of l'Ourthe (18 September, 1794), the Battle of the Roer (2 October, 1794) Followed the Meuse as far as Neimegen and the Rhein to Wesel Served in the Division Montaigu at the siege of Luxembourg, 5 April -7 June, 1795 Confirmed Général de brigade, 13 June, 1795 Commandant of the 1ere brigade of the 11e division (Reneauld) in the Armée de Rhin-et-Moselle, 30 July, 1795 Served at the siege of Mainz, 7 August, 1795 Covered the retreat, 23-27 October, 1795 Joined the 11e division (Gouvion-Saint-Cyr) on 1 November,1795, and served at the Combat at Pfrimm, 10 November Joined the 7e division (Gouvion-Saint-Cyr), April 1796 Not named in the reshuffle of 13 April, but supported in his command by Moreau, 23 April, 1796 Commandant of a brigade in the Division Taponier, May 1796 Served at the Battle of Ettlingen, 9 July, 1796 Present at the combat of Gernsbach (15 July), at the taking of Cannstadt, and at the Battle of Neresheim, 11 August, 1796 Present at Bruch, and at Biberach, where he was struck on the chest (2 October, 1796) Passed over to the 6e division (Ambert), 18 October, 1796 Served at Emmendingen (19 October, 1796) and at the defence of Kehl (22 November, 1796) Drove back the Austrians during the 'Affaire de l'Île d'Erlenheim', 2 December, 1796 Served with the Division Duhesme at the crossing of the Rhein at Diersheim (20 April, 1797) and at the crossing of the Renchen (23 April, 1797) Joined the Armée d'Allemagne, 20 October, 1797 Posted to the Armée d'Angleterre, 12 January - 9 May, 1798 Took Mannheim, 25 January, 1798 Appointed to the Armée du Haut-Rhin, division Lefebvre, 27 April, 1798 Sent to join the Armée d'Helvétie, 13 November, 1798 Appointed Général de division de l'Armée d'Helvétie by the Directoire exécutif, 5 February, 1799 Commanded the left wing operating in the Engadine and the Valtellina, 4 March, 1799 Invaded the Grisons, 6 March, 1799 Entered the Engadine, Victor at Finstermünz (taking 1,300 prisoners), 12 March, 1799 Victor at Martinsbruck (13 March, 1799), took Schuls (25 March, 1799) Driven back into the Upper Engadine with the retreat of the Armée d'Helvétie, end of March, 1799 Retreated, fighting a successful rearguard action Remus (22 April) and Zernetz (30 April) Retreated beyond the river Reuss Commandant of the 2e division of the right wing of the Armée d'Helvétie under Ferino, (30 April) Commandant of the 1ere division of the Armée d'Helvétie, end of May, 1799 Victor over the Austrians and wounded in the arm at the Combat of Wasen, 1 June, 1799 Took Saint-Gothard, Grimsel, Furka and Oberalp, 14-16 August, 1799 Commandant of the 2e division of the Armée d'Helvétie, 22 August, 1799 Retreated against Suvarov's advance, halting the Russian at Airolo (23 September) and Saint-Gothard Retreated beyond the river Reuss (24 September) After a series of skirmishes reoccupied the valleys of the Reuss and the Glaris, 29 September, 1799 Appointed provisional Commandant en chef of the Armée du Rhin (in place of Moreau), 25 September, 1799 Crossed the Rhein (28 October) and took Heilbronn and Pforzheim, 31 October, 1799 After victory over Gorger on the Neckar (16 November) was defeated at Wisloch, 2/3 December, 1799 Retired from command of the Armée du Rhin (5 December) and became lieutenant to the Général en chef, Moreau, in command of the troops in Helvétie, 28 November, 1799 Took command of the right wing of the new Armée du Rhin, 12 December Forcing the crossing between Basle and Schaffhausen (29 April, 1800), he took the Fort of Hohentweil (2 May, 1800) Victor at Stockach (3 May, 1800), served at Mösskirch (5 May), took Memingen (10 May), occupied Augsburg (28 May, 1800) Victor over Klinglin at Höchstädt, 19 June, 1800 Took Donauwörth, victor at Nordlingen (23 June) and Neuburg (27 June, 1800) In charge of the lines of communication of the Armée d'Italie over the Vorarlberg and the Grisons Took Füssen (10 July) and Feldkirch (13 July) On his return after two months leave, he took Rosenheim (1 December), was victor at Salzburghofen (12 December), took Salzburg (14 December), victor at Kremsmünster (20 December, 1800) Removed from active service, 28 March, 1801 Inspecteur général d'infanterie in the 6e and 7e divisions militaries and in Helvetia, 24 July, 1801 Settled in Paris, 1802 Disgraced during Moreau's trial because of his relations with Moreau and the attitude of his brother Judge Lecourbe in the Moreau-Pichegru-Cadoudal trial Put in retirement on the minimum pension of 3000 francs, 8 September, 1804 Exiled to the Jura, 1 September, 1805 Ordered to go to Bourges and placed under high surveillance when Moreau passed over to the coalition allies, 12 September, 1813 Called to Paris by the Comte d'Artois, 15 April, 1814 Returned to service, 24 April, 1814 Grand-Croix of the Légion d'Honneur, 23 August, 1814 Comte, 31 December, 1814 Inspecteur général d'infanterie in the 6e and 18e divisions militaries, 3 January, 1815 Went to Lons-le-Saulnier to command a division under Ney, 12 March, 1815 Refused at first and then later offered his services to Napoleon during the Cent-Jours in order to, as he put it, 'save France in danger'. Appointed Commandant of the 18e division militaire, 27 March, 1815 Comte de l'Empire, 3 April, 1815 Commandant en chef of the Corps d'Observation du Jura (later the 8e Corps), 16 April, 1815 Pair de France, 2 June, 1815 Attempted to halt the enemy at Foussemagne (30 June), Bourogne, Chévremont (2 July), Bavilliers (8 July) Signed an armistice with the Austrian general Colloredo at Bavilliers, 11 July, 1815 Rallied to Louis XVIII, 23 July, 1815 Retired on a pension of 6,000 francs, 4 September, 1815
An effective soldier whose career was cut short by his close friendship with Moreau.
Lort de Sérignan, Napoléon et les généraux de la Révolution et de l'Empire, 1914