The Franco-British expedition to China, 1860

Period : 2nd Republic / 2nd Empire
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RINGMAR, Erik, “Liberal Barbarism and the Oriental Sublime: The European Destruction of the Emperor’s Summer Palace”, in Millennium 34, no. 3, 2006, pp. 917-33 (external link)


BEECHING, Jack, The Chinese Opium Wars, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, c1975

BONNER-SMITH, D., LUMBY, E. W. R. (eds.), The Second China War, 1856-1860, Westport, Conn: Hyperion Press, 1981

BOURGERIE, Raymond, LESOUEF, Pierre, Palikao, 1860 : le sac du Palais d’été et la prise de Pekin, Paris: Economica, 1995

BRIZAY, Bernard, Le sac du Palais d’été : l’expédition anglo-française de Chine en 1860 (Troisième guerre de l’opium), Monaco, Paris: Editions du Rocher, 2003

GRAHAM, Gerald Sandford, The China Station: War and Diplomacy 1830-1860, Oxford: Clarendon P., 1978

SANELLO, Frank, HANES, W. Travis, Opium wars: the politics and economics of addiction, Naperville, Ill.: Sourcebooks, 2002

WONG, J.Y., Deadly dreams: opium, imperialism and the Arrow War (1856-1860) in China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002

Primary sources, contemporary accounts, memoirs

BRUCE, Sir James, 8th Earl of Elgin, Extracts from the letters of James Earl of Elgin to Mary Louisa Countess of Elgin, 1847-1862, privately printed, 1864 (see in particular “Mission to China, 1857-1859” and “Second Mission to China, 1860-1861”) (external link)

HAKE, Alfred E., The Story of Chinese Gordon, London: Remington, 1884 (see in particular chapter 3) (external link)

KNOLLYS, Henry (ed.) Life of General Sir Hope Grant: With Selections from His Correspondence, Volume 2, Edinburgh: W. Blackwood & Sons, 1894 (see in particular chapters 15-20 on the “China War”) (external link)

HOPE-GRANT, James, Incidents in the China War of 1860: Compiled from the Private Journals of General Sir Hope Grant, Edinburgh: W. Blackwood & Sons, 1875 (external link)

LANE-POOLE, Stanley, The Life of Sir Harry Parkes, Sometime Her Majesty’s Minister to China & Japan, Volume I: Consul in China, London: Macmillan, 1894 (external link)

M’GHEE, Rev. Robert J. L., How We Got to Pekin: A Narrative of the Campaign in China of 1860, London: Richard Bentley, 1862 (external link)

RENNIE, D.F., The British Arms in North China and Japan: Peking 1860; Kagosima 1862, London: John Murray, 1864 (external link)

STANMORE, Arthur H. (ed.), Sidney Herbert, Lord Herbert of Lea: A Memoir, Volume 2, London: John Murray, 1906 (see in particular chapter 7) (external link)

SWINHOE, Robert, Narrative of the North China Campaign of 1860: Containing Personal Experiences of Chinese Character, and of the Moral and Social Condition of the Country; Together with a Description of the Interior of Pekin, London: Smith, Elder and Co, 1861 (external link)

WALROND, Theodore (ed.), Letters and Journals of James, Eighth Earl of Elgin, governor of Jamaica, Governor-General of Canada, Envoy to China, Vicerory of India, London: John Murray, 1872 (see in particular chapters 7-14) (external link)

WOLSELEY, Garnet, Narrative of the War with China in 1860; to Which Is Added the Account of a Short Residence with the Tai-Ping Rebels at Nankin and a Voyage from Thence to Hankow, London: Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1862 (external link)


Les Français en Chine, n° 94 (print), Epinal, Pellerin, 1860 (external link in French)


BURELL, Clay, “The Opium Wars” (external link)

This bibliography forms part of our close-up on: the Franco-British expedition to China, 1860.

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