Napoleon’s terrestrial and celestial globes from Longwood

Artist(s) : CARY J. & W.
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Napoleon’s terrestrial and celestial globes from Longwood

Both globes had been part of the furniture at Plantation House since 1805. In July 1816, the Governor Sir Hudson Lowe had them sent to Longwood House where they were installed in the parlour also known as the billiard room. Virtually all the witnesses of the exile mentioned in their writings these “two globes, one celestial and the other terrestrial, about 15 to 16 inches in diameter, mounted on feet which bore compasses” as Ali described them. The room was large enough that Napoleon could deploy the many maps required for the writing of his memoirs, indeed it was temporarily designated as the “map room”. In 1818, however, the Emperor, who hardly consulted his maps any more, gave the globes to the Bertrand family for the education of their children.

The terrestrial globe (on the left) bears an inscription in English: “Cary’s New Terrestrial Globe exhibiting the Tracks and Discoveries made by Captain Cook; also those of Captain Vancouver on the North West Coast of America; and M. de La Perouse, on the Coast of Tartary. Together with every other Improvement collected from various Navigators to the present time. London: sold by M. Berge Ramsden Piccadilly Jan. 1801”. Historians have long been convinced that Napoleon had scratched the location of the island on the map with his nail to delete it. But restoration carried out recently showed that this story was yet another legend. The damage was in fact the result of cracking of the thick varnish that covered the object.

The celestial globe (on the right) also bears an inscription:
“Cary’s New and Improved Celestial Globe on which is carefully laid down the whole of the Stars and Nebulae contained in the Astronomical Catalogue of the Revd Mr. Wollaston, F.R.S. Compiled from the Authorities of Flamsteed, de La Caille, Hevelius, Mayer, Bradley, Herschel, Maskelyne &c. With an extensive number from the Works of Miss Herschel. The whole adapted to the Year 1800, and the Limits of each Constellation determined by a Boundary line. London. Sold by M. Berge late Ramsden Piccadilly Jan. 1801”
Michel Dancoisne-Martineau, Curator of the French Domains of St Helena (March 2016) (translation Rebecca Young)
Another example of Cary’s new and improved celestial globe can be found in  the collection of the National Library of Austrailia.

These globes are part of the exhibition Napoleon on St Helena: His Fight for his Story, at the Musée de l’Armée Paris from 6 April to 24 July 2016

Date :
Technique :
Paper, wood and various materials
Dimensions :
H = 120 cm, L = 70 cm
Place held :
Museum of the French Domains at St Helena, inv. STH 0003 et STH 0004
Photo credit :
Museum of the French Domains at St Helena
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